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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 696423, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/696423
Clinical Study

-FLT PET/CT in Patients with Gastric Carcinoma

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Oncological Centre, Bydgoszcz, Poland
2Department of Positron Emission Tomography and Molecular Diagnostics, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3Department of Oncological Surgery, Oncological Centre, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
4Department of Cancer Pathology and Pathomorphology, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
5Department of Radiology, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland

Received 16 September 2013; Accepted 24 November 2013

Academic Editor: Iwona Sudoł-Szopinska

Copyright © 2013 Bogdan Małkowski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of 18F-FLT PET/CT in the detection and differentiation of gastric cancers (GC). 104 consecutive patients (57 cases of adenocarcinoma tubulare (G2 and G3), 17 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma, 6 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma, 14 cases of adenocarcinoma partim mucocellulare, and 10 cases of end stage gastric cancer) with newly diagnosed advanced gastric cancer were examined with FLT PET/CT. For quantitative and comparative analyses, the maximal standardized uptake value ( ) was calculated for both the tumors and noninvaded gastric wall. Results. There were found, in the group of adenocarcinoma tubulare, 1.5–23.1 ( ), in mucinous adenocarcinoma, 2.3–10.3 ( ), in undifferentiated carcinoma, 3.1–13.6 ( ), in adenocarcinoma partim mucocellulare, 2–25.3 ( ), and, in normal gastric wall, 1.01–2.55 ( ). For the level of 2.6 cut-off value between the normal wall and neoplasm FLT uptake from ROC analysis, all but five gastric cancers showed higher accumulation of FLT than noninfiltrated mucosa. Conclusion. Gastric cancer presents higher accumulation of 18F-FLT than normal, distended gastric mucosa. Significantly higher accumulation was shown in cancers better differentiated and with higher cellular density.