Table 4: Outcome.

Initially no fistula ( )Preexisting fistula ( )Any fistula overall ( ) value (any fistula versus no fistula)
No fistula overall ( )Fistula during NPWT ( )Fistula after NPWT ( )Fistula before NPWT ( )

Abdominal closure within 30 days84.8% (39)40.0% (2)100.0% (4)76.9% (20)74.3% (26)0.27
Mortality28.6% (13)40.0% (2)25.0% (1)34.6% (9)34.3% (12)0.63