Table 4: Perioperative laboratory results of laparoscopic group versus open group.

Laparoscopic group ( )Open group ( ) value

ALT (U/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
AST (U/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
ALP (U/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
GGT (U/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
TBIL ( mol/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
DBIL ( mol/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05
SAMY (U/L)
 Preoperative >0.05
 Postoperative >0.05

Note: ALT: alanine transaminase, AST: aspartate aminotransferase, ALP: alkaline phosphatase, GGT: -glutamyl transpeptidase. TBIL: total bilirubin, DBIL: direct bilirubin, and SAMY: serum amylase.
compared with preoperative values.