About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
HPB Surgery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 684172, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/684172
Research Article

Biliary Leak in Post-Liver-Transplant Patients: Is There Any Place for Metal Stent?

1Endoscopy Unit, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, 05653120 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN 37920, USA
3Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
4Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA

Received 7 October 2011; Accepted 29 February 2012

Academic Editor: Daniel Casanova

Copyright © 2012 Fernanda P. Martins et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. D. Williams and P. V. Draganov, “Endoscopic management of biliary strictures after liver transplantation,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 15, no. 30, pp. 3725–3733, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Amador, R. Charco, J. Marti et al., “One thousand liver transplants: the hospital clinic experience,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 3916–3918, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Rerknimitr, S. Sherman, E. L. Fogel et al., “Biliary tract complications after orthotopic liver transplantation with choledochocholedochostomy anastomosis: endoscopic findings and results of therapy,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 224–231, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. H. Tabibian, E. H. Asham, L. Goldstein et al., “Endoscopic treatment with multiple stents for post-liver-transplantation nonanastomotic biliary strictures,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 1236–1243, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. N. Shah, N. A. Ahmad, K. Shetty et al., “Endoscopic management of biliary complications after adult living donor liver transplantation,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 99, no. 7, pp. 1291–1295, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. W. Ostroff, “Management of biliary complications in the liver transplant patient,” Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 264–272, 2010. View at Scopus
  7. M. Traina, I. Tarantino, L. Barresi et al., “Efficacy and safety of fully covered self-expandable metallic stents in biliary complications after liver transplantation: a preliminary study,” Liver Transplantation, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1493–1498, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. S. Sandha, M. J. Bourke, G. B. Haber, and P. P. Kortan, “Endoscopic therapy for bile leak based on a new classification: results in 207 patients,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 567–574, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. J. Kaffes, L. Hourigan, N. de Luca, K. Byth, S. J. Williams, and M. J. Bourke, “Impact of endoscopic intervention in 100 patients with suspected postcholecystectomy bile leak,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 269–275, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. E. Ryan, J. E. Geenen, G. A. Lehman et al., “Endoscopic intervention for biliary leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a multicenter review,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 261–266, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. R. Pfau, M. L. Kochman, J. D. Lewis et al., “Endoscopic management of postoperative biliary complications in orthotopic liver transplantation,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 55–63, 2000. View at Scopus
  12. M. Kahaleh, B. Behm, B. W. Clarke et al., “Temporary placement of covered self-expandable metal stents in benign biliary strictures: a new paradigm? (with video),” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 446–454, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Kahaleh, V. Sundaram, S. L. Condron et al., “Temporary placement of covered self-expandable metallic stents in patients with biliary leak: midterm evaluation of a pilot study,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Y. Wang, K. Ellen, C. L. Berg, T. M. Schmitt, and M. Kahaleh, “Fully covered self-expandable metallic stents in the management of complex biliary leaks: preliminary data—a case series 1,” Endoscopy, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 781–786, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. H. Baron and J. J. Poterucha, “Insertion and removal of covered expandable metal stents for closure of complex biliary leaks,” Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 381–386, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Kahaleh, J. Tokar, T. Le, and P. Yeaton, “Removal of self-expandable metallic Wallstents,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 640–644, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Ho, A. Mahajan, S. Gosain et al., “Management of complications associated with partially covered biliary metal stents,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 516–522, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. I. Tarantino, L. Barresi, I. Petridis, R. Volpes, M. Traina, and B. Gridelli, “Endoscopic treatment of biliary complications after liver transplantation,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 14, no. 26, pp. 4185–4189, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. M. Marin-Gomez, S. Sobrino-Rodriguez, J. M. Alamo-Martinez et al., “Use of fully covered self-expandable stent in biliary complications after liver transplantation: a case series,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 2975–2977, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Garcia-Pajares, G. Sanchez-Antolin, S. L. Pelayo, et al., “Covered metal stents for the treatment of biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 2966–2969, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. H. Isayama, Y. Nakai, Y. Toyokawa et al., “Measurement of radial and axial forces of biliary self-expandable metallic stents,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 37–44, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. U. Chaput, O. Scatton, P. Bichard et al., “Temporary placement of partially covered self-expandable metal stents for anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation: a prospective, multicenter study,” Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 1167–1174, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus