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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2007 (2007), Article ID 63624, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/63624
Case Report

Pneumococcal Meningitis during Pregnancy: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Section of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA

Received 10 November 2006; Accepted 25 January 2007

Copyright © 2007 Lisa M. Landrum et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency for which prompt diagnosis and treatment are imperative to reducing the rate of death and long-term neurologic compromise. Few cases of meningitis have been reported during pregnancy, many of which had devastating outcomes for mother, neonate, or both. Case. A 38-year-old multigravida at 35 weeks of gestation presented with mental status changes, fever, and preterm contractions. Lumbar puncture revealed gram positive cocci consistent with S. pneumoniae. Patient was intubated and admitted to ICU where she was given antibiotics and adjunctive therapy with dexamethasone. Continuous fetal monitoring was utilized throughout her course of her hospitalization. Patient was discharged home after ten days in the hospital and had an uncomplicated vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) at 38 weeks. Both she and the infant are doing well with no permanent neurologic sequelae. Conclusion. A review of literature indicates only isolated cases of pneumococcal meningitis being described during pregnancy. An extended period of time between onset of maternal illness and delivery appears to reduce the risk of neonatal transmission and improve both maternal and fetal outcomes.