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Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 878241, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/878241
Clinical Study

The Prevalence of Urogenital Infections in Pregnant Women Experiencing Preterm and Full-Term Labor

1Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil
2Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN, Brazil
3Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
4Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, RJ, Brazil

Received 13 May 2011; Accepted 21 November 2011

Academic Editor: José Tirán-Saucedo

Copyright © 2012 Paulo César Giraldo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Urogenital infections are extremely prevalent during pregnancy and are an important cause of premature labor. However, the prevalence of urogenital infections during childbirth is not well known. Objective. Identify urogenital infections present at the beginning of labor in both full-term and preterm pregnancies. Study Design. Ninety-four women were admitted to the inpatient maternity clinic of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). In total, 49 women in preterm labor and 45 women in full-term labor were included in the study, and samples of urinary, vaginal, and perianal material were collected for microbiological analysis. Results. The prevalences of general infections in the preterm labor group and the full-term labor group were 49.0% and 53.3% ( 𝑃 = 0 . 8 3 0 0 ), respectively. Urogenital infections in the preterm and full-term labor groups included urinary tract infection in 36.7% and 22.2% of women, vaginal candidiasis in 20.4% and 28.9% of women, bacterial vaginosis in 34.7% and 28.9% of women, and group B streptococcus in 6.1% and 15.6% of women, respectively. Conclusions. Urogenital infections were prevalent in women in preterm labor and full-term labor; however, significant differences between the groups were not observed.