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International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 156520, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/156520
Research Article

Analysis of Essential Elements for Plants Growth Using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis

1Department of Physics, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria
2Head of Unit for Dosimetry, National Radiation and Protection Agency, Bastos, Yaounde, Cameroon
3Department of Crop Production, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria

Received 28 July 2013; Revised 15 August 2013; Accepted 17 August 2013

Academic Editor: Othmane Merah

Copyright © 2013 R. L. Njinga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this study, a total of ten essential elements for plants growth in the Guinea savanna region of Niger State in Northern Nigeria have been identified in the soils using instrumental neutron activation analysis. The experimental results show good agreement with certified or literature values within the agreed percentage range of ±2.35% to ±8.69%. However, the concentration distributions of the ten identified elements in the soil samples within the studied area for plants growth revealed the following: Fe (123.4 ppm), Mn (2100.7 ppm), K (5544.3 ppm), Al (54752.4 ppm), Ti (3082.9 ppm), Ca (4635 ppm), V (54.3 ppm), Na (857.5 ppm), Mg (13924.1 ppm), and Dy (12.1 ppm). A further analysis of the two fundamental soil physical parameters for healthy growth of some common crops like egusimelon, groundnut, rice, yams, soybeans, cassava, and potato analyzed in this work revealed a pH range of 4.0 pH–8.0 pH and a temperature range of 28.0°C to 29.3°C, which are optimal for plant nutrients availability in the soils within the study area.