About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 902820, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/902820
Research Article

Amendment of Tephrosia Improved Fallows with Inorganic Fertilizers Improves Soil Chemical Properties, N Uptake, and Maize Yield in Malawi

1Department of Land Resource Management and Technology, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Southern Africa Regional Programme, P.O. Box 30798, Lilongwe, Malawi

Received 8 July 2013; Revised 18 September 2013; Accepted 17 October 2013; Published 6 January 2014

Academic Editor: Kent Burkey

Copyright © 2014 Maggie G. Munthali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. N. Chianu, J. N. Chianu, and F. Mairura, “Mineral fertilizers in the farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa. A review,” Agronomy for Sustainable Development, vol. 32, pp. 545–566, 2012.
  2. J. Liu, L. You, M. Amini et al., “A high-resolution assessment on global nitrogen flows in cropland,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 107, no. 17, pp. 8035–8040, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. J. Stoorvogel, E. M. A. Smaling, and B. H. Janssen, “Calculating soil nutrient balances in Africa at different scales—I supranational scale,” Fertilizer Research, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 227–235, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. M. A. Smaling, “Nutrient flows and balances as indicators of productivity and sustainability in sub-Saharan African agroecosystems,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 71, pp. 1–346, 1998.
  5. M. Smale and T. Jayne, “Maize in eastern and southern Africa: “Seeds” of success in retrospect,” Environment and Production Technology Division Discussion Paper 97, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
  6. F. K. Akinnifesi, W. Makumba, and F. R. Kwesiga, “Sustainable maize production using gliricidia/maize intercropping in southern Malawi,” Experimental Agriculture, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 441–457, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Denning, P. Kabambe, P. Sanchez et al., “Input subsidies to improve smallholder maize productivity in Malawi: toward an African green revolution,” PLoS Biology, vol. 7, no. 1, Article ID e1000023, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. D. Glover, J. P. Reganold, and C. M. Cox, “Plant perennials to save Africa's soils,” Nature, vol. 489, pp. 359–361, 2012.
  9. G. W. Sileshi, L. K. Debusho, and F. K. Akinnifesi, “Can integration of legume trees increase yield stability in rain-fed maize cropping systems in southern Africa?” Agronomy Journal, vol. 104, pp. 1392–1398, 2012.
  10. D. Djumaeva, J. P. A. Lamers, C. Martius, A. Khamzina, N. Ibragimov, and P. L. G. Vlek, “Quantification of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by Elaeagnus angustifolia L. on salt-affected irrigated croplands using two 15N isotopic methods,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 329–339, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. L. Mafongoya, R. Chintu, T. S. Chirwa, J. Matibini, and S. Chikale, “Tephrosia species and provenances for improved fallows in southern Africa,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 279–288, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. P. Gichuru, “Regeneration of a degraded ultisol with Tephrosia candida in the humid zone of southeastern Nigeria,” Interciencia, vol. 19, pp. 382–386, 1994.
  13. M. A. Huancheng and Z. Jueiming, “Effect of Tephrosia candida on soil,” Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, vol. 11, pp. 127–128, 1993.
  14. P. C. Stevenson, G. C. Kite, G. P. Lewis et al., “Distinct chemotypes of Tephrosia vogelii and implications for their use in pest control and soil enrichment,” Phytochemistry, vol. 78, pp. 135–146, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Sanginga and P. L. Woomer, Eds., Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: Principles, Practices and Developmental Process. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility, Institute of the International Centre for Tropical agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya, 2009.
  16. Government of Malawi, Chitedze Agricultural Research: Station Guide 1999, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Lilongwe, Malawi, 1999.
  17. C. Chilimba, “Methods of analysis of soil, plants, animal feed & fertilizers: working manual for use in soils and plants laboratories at Chitedze and Bvumbwe research stations Department of Agricultural Research and Technical Services,” 1997.
  18. A. Walkley and I. A. Black, “An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter,and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method,” Soil Science, vol. 37, pp. 29–38, 1934.
  19. M. L. Jackson, Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1958.
  20. J. Murphy and J. P. Riley, “A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 27, pp. 31–36, 1962. View at Scopus
  21. P. Mutuo, A. E. Marandu, R. Rabeson, and M. Mwale, “N fertilizer equivalency values of organic materials of differing quality: network trial results from East and southern Africa, season 1,” in Proceedings of the 24th East Africa Soil Science Society Annual General Meeting, pp. 13–19, Tanga, Tanzania, December 1998.
  22. F. Hagedorn, K. G. Steiner, L. Sekayange, and W. Zech, “Effect of rainfall pattern on nitrogen mineralization and leaching in a green manure experiment in South Rwanda,” Plant and Soil, vol. 195, no. 2, pp. 365–375, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. L. Nabahungu, J. G. Mowo, A. Uwiragiye, and E. Nsengumuremyi, “Use of Tithonia biomass, maize residues and inorganic phosphate in climbing bean yield and soil properties in Rwanda,” in Innovations as Key to the Green Revolution in Africa, A. Batiano, B. Waswa, J. M. Okeyo, F. Maina, and J. M. Kihara, Eds., pp. 335–341, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2011.
  24. J. J. Mbonigaba, Ess4aie de compostage de dechets verts et evaluation des effects des composts obtenus sur des soils acides [M.S. thesis], Rwanda Universite de Gembloux, 2002.
  25. C. A. Palm, R. J. K. Myers, and S. M. Nandwa, “Combined use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment,” in Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa, R. J. Buresh, P. A. Sanchez, and F. Calhoun, Eds., SSSA Publication no. 51, pp. 193–217, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wis, USA, 1997.
  26. F. Kwesiga and R. Coe, “The effect of short rotation Sesbania sesban planted fallows on maize yield,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 64, no. 2-3, pp. 199–208, 1994. View at Scopus
  27. J. B. Maroko, R. J. Buresh, and P. C. Smithson, “Soil nitrogen availability as affected by fallow-maize systems on two soils in Kenya,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 229–234, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. Rutunga, N. K. Karanja, and C. K. K. Gachene, “Six month-duration Tephrosia vogelii Hookf and Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) a gray planted-fallows for improving maize production in Kenya,” Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 267–278, 2007.
  29. C. N. Gachengo, Phosphorus release and availability on addition of organic materials to phosphorus fixing soils [M.S. thesis], Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya, 1996.
  30. R. Chikowo, P. Mapfumo, P. Nyamugafata, and K. E. Giller, “Woody legume fallow productivity, biological N2-fixation and residual benefits to two successive maize crops in Zimbabwe,” Plant and Soil, vol. 262, no. 1-2, pp. 303–315, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. P. A. Sanchez, Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1976.
  32. D. L. Karlen, L. A. Kramer, and S. D. Logsdon, “Field-scale nitrogen balances associated with long-term continuous corn production,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 644–650, 1998. View at Scopus
  33. F. M. Kihanda, “Effect of composted manures with high quality organic manures on dry matter accumulation, nitrogen uptake and grain yield,” East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, vol. 69, pp. 63–68, 2003.
  34. W. Makumba, B. Janssen, O. Oenema, and F. K. Akinnifesi, “Influence of time of application on the performance of gliricidia prunings as a source of N for maize,” Experimental Agriculture, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Harawa, J. Lehmann, F. Akinnifesi, E. Fernandes, and G. Kanyama-Phiri, “Nitrogen dynamics in maize-based agroforestry systems as affected by landscape position in southern Malawi,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 75, no. 1–3, pp. 271–284, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. W. Kramer, T. A. Doane, W. R. Horwath, and C. V. Kessel, “Combining fertilizer and organic inputs to synchronize N supply in alternative cropping systems in California,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 91, no. 1–3, pp. 233–243, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus