- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Agronomy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 902820, 9 pages
Amendment of Tephrosia Improved Fallows with Inorganic Fertilizers Improves Soil Chemical Properties, N Uptake, and Maize Yield in Malawi
1Department of Land Resource Management and Technology, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Southern Africa Regional Programme, P.O. Box 30798, Lilongwe, Malawi
Received 8 July 2013; Revised 18 September 2013; Accepted 17 October 2013; Published 6 January 2014
Academic Editor: Kent Burkey
Copyright © 2014 Maggie G. Munthali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. N. Chianu, J. N. Chianu, and F. Mairura, “Mineral fertilizers in the farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa. A review,” Agronomy for Sustainable Development, vol. 32, pp. 545–566, 2012.
- J. Liu, L. You, M. Amini et al., “A high-resolution assessment on global nitrogen flows in cropland,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 107, no. 17, pp. 8035–8040, 2010.
- J. J. Stoorvogel, E. M. A. Smaling, and B. H. Janssen, “Calculating soil nutrient balances in Africa at different scales—I supranational scale,” Fertilizer Research, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 227–235, 1993.
- E. M. A. Smaling, “Nutrient flows and balances as indicators of productivity and sustainability in sub-Saharan African agroecosystems,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 71, pp. 1–346, 1998.
- M. Smale and T. Jayne, “Maize in eastern and southern Africa: “Seeds” of success in retrospect,” Environment and Production Technology Division Discussion Paper 97, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
- F. K. Akinnifesi, W. Makumba, and F. R. Kwesiga, “Sustainable maize production using gliricidia/maize intercropping in southern Malawi,” Experimental Agriculture, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 441–457, 2006.
- G. Denning, P. Kabambe, P. Sanchez et al., “Input subsidies to improve smallholder maize productivity in Malawi: toward an African green revolution,” PLoS Biology, vol. 7, no. 1, Article ID e1000023, 2009.
- J. D. Glover, J. P. Reganold, and C. M. Cox, “Plant perennials to save Africa's soils,” Nature, vol. 489, pp. 359–361, 2012.
- G. W. Sileshi, L. K. Debusho, and F. K. Akinnifesi, “Can integration of legume trees increase yield stability in rain-fed maize cropping systems in southern Africa?” Agronomy Journal, vol. 104, pp. 1392–1398, 2012.
- D. Djumaeva, J. P. A. Lamers, C. Martius, A. Khamzina, N. Ibragimov, and P. L. G. Vlek, “Quantification of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by Elaeagnus angustifolia L. on salt-affected irrigated croplands using two 15N isotopic methods,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 329–339, 2010.
- P. L. Mafongoya, R. Chintu, T. S. Chirwa, J. Matibini, and S. Chikale, “Tephrosia species and provenances for improved fallows in southern Africa,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 279–288, 2003.
- M. P. Gichuru, “Regeneration of a degraded ultisol with Tephrosia candida in the humid zone of southeastern Nigeria,” Interciencia, vol. 19, pp. 382–386, 1994.
- M. A. Huancheng and Z. Jueiming, “Effect of Tephrosia candida on soil,” Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, vol. 11, pp. 127–128, 1993.
- P. C. Stevenson, G. C. Kite, G. P. Lewis et al., “Distinct chemotypes of Tephrosia vogelii and implications for their use in pest control and soil enrichment,” Phytochemistry, vol. 78, pp. 135–146, 2012.
- N. Sanginga and P. L. Woomer, Eds., Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: Principles, Practices and Developmental Process. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility, Institute of the International Centre for Tropical agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya, 2009.
- Government of Malawi, Chitedze Agricultural Research: Station Guide 1999, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Lilongwe, Malawi, 1999.
- C. Chilimba, “Methods of analysis of soil, plants, animal feed & fertilizers: working manual for use in soils and plants laboratories at Chitedze and Bvumbwe research stations Department of Agricultural Research and Technical Services,” 1997.
- A. Walkley and I. A. Black, “An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter,and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method,” Soil Science, vol. 37, pp. 29–38, 1934.
- M. L. Jackson, Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1958.
- J. Murphy and J. P. Riley, “A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 27, pp. 31–36, 1962.
- P. Mutuo, A. E. Marandu, R. Rabeson, and M. Mwale, “N fertilizer equivalency values of organic materials of differing quality: network trial results from East and southern Africa, season 1,” in Proceedings of the 24th East Africa Soil Science Society Annual General Meeting, pp. 13–19, Tanga, Tanzania, December 1998.
- F. Hagedorn, K. G. Steiner, L. Sekayange, and W. Zech, “Effect of rainfall pattern on nitrogen mineralization and leaching in a green manure experiment in South Rwanda,” Plant and Soil, vol. 195, no. 2, pp. 365–375, 1997.
- N. L. Nabahungu, J. G. Mowo, A. Uwiragiye, and E. Nsengumuremyi, “Use of Tithonia biomass, maize residues and inorganic phosphate in climbing bean yield and soil properties in Rwanda,” in Innovations as Key to the Green Revolution in Africa, A. Batiano, B. Waswa, J. M. Okeyo, F. Maina, and J. M. Kihara, Eds., pp. 335–341, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2011.
- J. J. Mbonigaba, Ess4aie de compostage de dechets verts et evaluation des effects des composts obtenus sur des soils acides [M.S. thesis], Rwanda Universite de Gembloux, 2002.
- C. A. Palm, R. J. K. Myers, and S. M. Nandwa, “Combined use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment,” in Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa, R. J. Buresh, P. A. Sanchez, and F. Calhoun, Eds., SSSA Publication no. 51, pp. 193–217, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wis, USA, 1997.
- F. Kwesiga and R. Coe, “The effect of short rotation Sesbania sesban planted fallows on maize yield,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 64, no. 2-3, pp. 199–208, 1994.
- J. B. Maroko, R. J. Buresh, and P. C. Smithson, “Soil nitrogen availability as affected by fallow-maize systems on two soils in Kenya,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 229–234, 1998.
- V. Rutunga, N. K. Karanja, and C. K. K. Gachene, “Six month-duration Tephrosia vogelii Hookf and Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) a gray planted-fallows for improving maize production in Kenya,” Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 267–278, 2007.
- C. N. Gachengo, Phosphorus release and availability on addition of organic materials to phosphorus fixing soils [M.S. thesis], Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya, 1996.
- R. Chikowo, P. Mapfumo, P. Nyamugafata, and K. E. Giller, “Woody legume fallow productivity, biological N2-fixation and residual benefits to two successive maize crops in Zimbabwe,” Plant and Soil, vol. 262, no. 1-2, pp. 303–315, 2004.
- P. A. Sanchez, Properties and Management of Soils in the Tropics, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1976.
- D. L. Karlen, L. A. Kramer, and S. D. Logsdon, “Field-scale nitrogen balances associated with long-term continuous corn production,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 644–650, 1998.
- F. M. Kihanda, “Effect of composted manures with high quality organic manures on dry matter accumulation, nitrogen uptake and grain yield,” East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, vol. 69, pp. 63–68, 2003.
- W. Makumba, B. Janssen, O. Oenema, and F. K. Akinnifesi, “Influence of time of application on the performance of gliricidia prunings as a source of N for maize,” Experimental Agriculture, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 2006.
- R. Harawa, J. Lehmann, F. Akinnifesi, E. Fernandes, and G. Kanyama-Phiri, “Nitrogen dynamics in maize-based agroforestry systems as affected by landscape position in southern Malawi,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 75, no. 1–3, pp. 271–284, 2006.
- A. W. Kramer, T. A. Doane, W. R. Horwath, and C. V. Kessel, “Combining fertilizer and organic inputs to synchronize N supply in alternative cropping systems in California,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 91, no. 1–3, pp. 233–243, 2002.