Table 5: Concentration of BHA, BHT, and OMC in sunscreen cream, milk lotion, hair gel, and hair oil samples determined by RP-HPLC-UV/Vis at = 280 nm.

TypeCommercial nameCountry of originPhenolic compoundsMean concentration (mg/g)
(1) ( )(2) ( )(3) ( )Average (mg/g)RSD%

Sunscreen creamAikenMalaysiaBHA 4.851.50
BHT 1.333.88
OMC 65.50.77
NiveaThailandBHA 3.262.43
BHT 1.014.47
OMC 27.961.58
GervenneMalaysiaBHA 1.823.92
BHTn.dn.dn.dn.dn.d
OMC 16.232.68

Milk lotionNiveaThailandBHA 4.501.57
BHT 2.303.21
OMC 13.831.55
New TrendyMalaysiaBHA 4.162.82
BHTn.dn.dn.dn.dn.d
OMC 8.993.79
GarnierIndonesiaBHA 2.743.32
BHT 0.733.26
OMC 17.01.86

Hair gelDe BoyMalaysiaBHA 1.283.14
BHT 0.223.40
OMC 0.134.52
BeyondMalaysiaBHA 1.383.37
BHT 0.164.05
OMC 0.303.48
EliteMalaysiaBHA 1.512.76
BHT 0.174.48
OMC 0.842.69

Hair oilEliteMalaysiaBHA 3.891.06
BHT 0.872.11
OMC 0.821.37
GervenneMalaysiaBHA 0.134.66
BHT 1.543.25
OMC 3.401.75
JohnsonsPhilippinesBHA 0.303.40
BHT 0.184.13
OMC 0.572.19

n.d: not detected or below detection limit.