- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 204623, 10 pages
Chinese-Language Montreal Cognitive Assessment for Cantonese or Mandarin Speakers: Age, Education, and Gender Effects
1Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
2Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
3Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
4Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
5Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Received 15 January 2012; Revised 24 April 2012; Accepted 4 May 2012
Academic Editor: Hiroko H. Dodge
Copyright © 2012 Ling Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. Barnes, C. Bennett, and United States. Bureau of the Census, The Asian Population: 2000: Census 2000 Brief, Census 2000 brief, U.S. Department of Commerce EaSAW, Washington, DC, USA, 2000.
- Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month: May 2011, Facts for Features, U.S. Department of Commerce EaSAW, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, USA, 2011.
- C. Brennan, L. K. Ross, J. Nazareno, and P. Fox, Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures in California, Institute for Health Policy, University of California, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2009.
- Z. S. Nasreddine, N. A. Phillips, V. Bedirian et al., “The montreal cognitive assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 695–699, 2005.
- C. Hsu and T. Chen, “Asian Americans,” in Encyclopedia of Public Health, L. Breslow, Ed., vol. 1, pp. 74–77, Macmillan Reference, New York, NY, USA, 2002.
- T. P. Fong, The First Suburban Chinatown: The Remarking of Monterey Park, California, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1994.
- T. Smith, N. Gildeh, and C. Holmes, “The montreal cognitive assessment: validity and utility in a memory clinic setting,” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 329–332, 2007.
- J. Y. Lee, L. D. Woo, S. J. Cho et al., “Brief screening for mild cognitive impairment in elderly outpatient clinic: validation of the Korean version of the montreal cognitive asssessment,” Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 104–110, 2008.
- Y. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, M. Yasunaga et al., “Brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment in older Japanese: validation of the Japanese version of the montreal cognitive assessment,” Geriatrics & Gerontology International, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 225–232, 2010.
- A. Wong, Y. Y. Xiong, P. W. Kwan et al., “The validity, reliability and clinical utility of the Hong Kong montreal cognitive assessment (HK-MoCA) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease,” Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 81–87, 2009.
- H. C. Liu, P. Chou, K. N. Lin et al., “Assessing cognitive abilities and dementia in a predominantly illiterate population of older individuals in Kinmen,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 763–770, 1994.
- E. L. Teng, K. Hasegawa, A. Homma et al., “The cognitive abilities screening instrument (CASI): a practical test for cross-cultural epidemiological studies of dementia,” International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 45–58, 1994.
- H. Swaminathan, R. K. Hambleton, and H. J. Rogers, Fundamentals of Item Response Theory, Sage, Newbury Park, Calif, USA, 1991.
- D. Mungas and B. R. Reed, “Application of item response theory for development of a global functioning measure of dementia with linear measurement properties,” Statistics in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 11-12, pp. 1631–1644, 2000.
- F. Baker, The Basics of Item Response Theory, University of Maryland, ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation, College Park, Md, USA, 2001.
- F. Samejima, “Estimation of latent trait ability using a response pattern of graded scores,” Psychometric Monograph, no. 17, pp. 1–100, 1969.
- D. Mungas, S. C. Marshall, M. Weldon, M. Haan, and B. R. Reed, “Age and education correction of mini-mental state examination for English- and Spanish-speaking elderly,” Neurology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 700–706, 1996.
- J. C. Nunnally and I. H. Berstein, Psychometric Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 1994.
- J. Horton, The Politics of Diversity: Immigration, Resistance, and Change in Monterey Park, California, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1995.
- H. C. Liu, E. L. Teng, K. N. Lin et al., “Performance on a dementia screening test in relation to demographic variables: study of 5297 community residents in Taiwan,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 910–915, 1994.