Table 2: Comparisons of age, gender, education, and MoCA-ChLA scores between Cantonese and Mandarin speakers.

CharacteristicsCantonese speaking (n = 575)Mandarin speaking (n = 612)P value1Adjusted P-value2

Age in years, mean ± SD61 ± 8.563.9 ± 11<0.0001
Women, no. (%)363 (63.1)367 (60.0)0.26
Years of education, mean ± SD10.3 ± 3.812.9 ± 3.7<0.0001
Unadjusted MoCA, mean ± SD23.3 ± 4.224.4 ± 4.1<0.0001
Adjusted MoCA2, lsmean ± SE23.7 ± 0.1623.9 ± 0.150.36

1From Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous variables and chi-square for gender.
2P-value obtained from nonparametric analysis of covariance with adjustment for age and education.