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International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 673584, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/673584
Research Article

Bupropion and Citalopram in the APP23 Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease: A Study in a Dry-Land Maze

1Division of Mental Health & Old Age Psychiatry, Psychiatry II, Ulm University, 89312 Günzburg, Germany
2Department of Geriatrics & Old Age Psychiatry, Psychiatry II, Ulm University, Ludwig-Heilmeyer-Straße 2, 89312 Günzburg, Germany

Received 29 March 2012; Accepted 3 September 2012

Academic Editor: Francesco Panza

Copyright © 2012 Katharina L. Neumeister and Matthias W. Riepe. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Incipient Alzheimer's disease is often disguised as depressive disorder. Over the course of AD, depressive symptoms are even more frequent. Hence, treatment with antidepressants is common in AD. It was the goal of the present study to assess whether two common antidepressants with different mechanisms of action affect spatial learning in a transgenic animal model of Alzheimer's disease. Methods. We assessed spatial memory of male wild-type and B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo (APP23) transgenic animals in a complex dry-land maze. Animals were treated with citalopram (10 mg/kg) and bupropion (20 mg/kg). Results. Moving and resting time until finding the goal zone decreased in 4.5-month-old sham-treated wild-type animals and, to a lesser extent, in APP23 animals. Compared with sham-treated APP23 animals, treatment with bupropion reduced resting time and increased speed. On treatment with citalopram, moving and resting time were unchanged but speed decreased. Length of the path to the goal zone did not change on either bupropion or citalopram. Conclusion. Bupropion increases psychomotor activity in APP23 transgenic animals, while citalopram slightly reduces psychomotor activity. Spatial learning per se is unaffected by treatment with either bupropion or citalopram.