About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Analysis
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 710358, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/710358
Research Article

Some Inclusion Relations Associated with Generalized Fractional Differintegral Operator

1Department of Mathematics, Government Engineering College, Bikaner 334001, India
2Department of Mathematics, Government Dungar College, Bikaner 334001, India

Received 15 November 2012; Revised 25 January 2013; Accepted 30 January 2013

Academic Editor: Ahmed Zayed

Copyright © 2013 Amit Soni and Shashi Kant. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A generalized fractional differintegral operator is used to define some new subclasses of analytic functions in the open unit disk . For each of these new function classes, several inclusion relationships are established.

1. Introduction and Definitions

Let be the class of normalized functions of the form which are analytic in the open unit disk . If is given by (1) and given by in , then the Hadamard product (or convolution) of and is defined by Let denote the class of functions analytic in the unit disk , satisfying the properties and This class has been introduced in [1]. Note that, for , we obtain the class defined and studied in [2], and for , we have the class of functions with positive real part greater than . In particular, is the class of functions with positive real part. From (3), we can easily deduce that if and only if Following the recent investigations [3] (see also [4, 5]), we have the following subclasses: We note that the class and are, respectively, the subclasses of , consisting of functions which are starlike of order and convex of order in . The class was considered by Noor [6], and is the class of quasiconvex univalent functions which was first introduced and studied in [7]. It can be easily seen from the above definition that We recall here the following family of generalized fractional integral operators due to Srivastava et al. [8] and generalized fractional derivative operators due to Raina and Nahar [9] (see also [10, 11]).

Definition 1. Let and . Then the fractional integral operator is defined by where the function is analytic in a simply connected region of the complex -plane containing the origin, with the order and the multiplicity is removed by requiring to be real when .

Definition 2. For and and , the fractional derivative operator is defined by where the multiplicity is removed as in the above definition.

The operators and include the Riemann-Liouville and Erdelyi-Kober operators of fractional calculus (see, e.g., [10]). Using the hypotheses of Definitions 1 and 2 the generalized fractional differintegral operator is defined by (see also [1215]) It is easily seen from (12) that for a function of the form (1), we have

We note that the operator is a generalization of many other operators, for example, which is a multiplier transformation operator studied by Jung et al. [16], which is the generalized Bernardi-Libra-Livingston integral operator. It can easily be verified from (12) that For the generalized fractional differintegral operator , we now define the following subclasses of .

Definition 3. Let . Then if and only if , for .

Definition 4. Let . Then if and only if , for .

Definition 5. Let . Then if and only if , for .

Definition 6. Let . Then if and only if , for .

Definition 7. Let . Then if and only if , for .

In this paper we establish some inclusion relationships and some other interesting properties for these subclasses.

2. Main Inclusion Relationships

We recall first the following necessary lemma.

Lemma 8 (see [17]). Let and , and let be a complex-valued function satisfying the conditions:(i) is continuous in ,(ii) and ,(iii) whenever and .

If is a function analytic in such that and , for , then for .

Our first main inclusion relationship is given by the theorem below.

Theorem 9. Let ,  ,  , and  ; then where and .

Proof. Let . Then upon setting we see that the function is analytic in , with in . Using the identity (16) in (19) and differentiating with respect to , we get Let Then, by convolution technique, (see [18]), we have and this implies that We want to show that , where is given by (18), and this will show that for . Let Then in view of (23) and (24), we obtain, for ,   We now form a function by choosing and in (25). Thus We can easily see that the first two conditions of Lemma 8 are easily satisfied as is continuous in ,  , and . Now for we obtain where ,  , and .
We note that if and only if and . From , we obtain as given by (18), and gives us . This completes the proof.

Theorem 10. Let ,  ,  , and ; then where is given by (18).

Proof. To prove the inclusion relationship, we observe (in view of Theorem 9) that which establishes Theorem 10.

Theorem 11. Let ,   ,  ,  , and ; then where is given by (18) and is defined in the proof.

Proof. Let . Then there exists such that Since , therefore we have where . Next consider, and proceed on the same technique of Theorem 9 (see also [5]); we obtain , where

In view of relation (7), an application of Theorem 11 is obtained as follows.

Theorem 12. Let ,   ,  ,  , and ; then where and are as in Theorem 11.

Lemma 13 (see [19]). Let be analytic in with and ,  . Then, for and (complex), where is given by and , and this result is the best possible.

Theorem 14. Let ,  . Then for , where This radius is exact.

Proof. Let where and in . Using a similar argument as in Theorem 9, we obtain Applying Lemma 13, we get where is given by (37). This completes our proof.

Lemma 15 (see [20]). Let be analytic in with , and is a complex number satisfying ,  ; then ,   implies , where is given by which is an increasing function of and . The estimate is sharp in the sense that bound cannot be improved.

Theorem 16. Let . Then where which is an increasing function of and .

Proof. Let where is analytic and in . Identity (16) gives us This implies that Now using Lemma 15, we get the desired result.

Lemma 17 (see [21]). Let be convex and starlike in . Then, for analytic in with ,   is contained in the convex hull of . By convex hull of a set , one means the intersection of all convex sets that contain .

Theorem 18. Let be a convex function and . Then .

Proof. Let , and let Then Also, . Therefore, . By logarithmic differentiation of (48), we have where is analytic in , and . From Lemma 17, we see that is contained in the convex hull of . Since is analytic in and , then lies in . This implies that .

This is application of Theorem 18.

Theorem 19. The class is invariant under the following differintegral operators. That is if , then so does , where are given to us:(i), (ii), (iii),  ,  ,(iv),  .

The proof immediately follows from Theorem 18. Since we can write with each is convex for , and 4.

Acknowledgment

The authors would like to express their thanks to the referee for the careful reading and suggestions made for the improvement of the paper.

References

  1. K. S. Padmanabhan and R. Parvatham, “Properties of a class of functions with bounded boundary rotation,” Annales Polonici Mathematici, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 311–323, 1975. View at MathSciNet
  2. B. Pinchuk, “Functions of bounded boundary rotation,” Israel Journal of Mathematics, vol. 10, pp. 6–16, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  3. K. I. Noor, “On analytic functions related to certain family of integral operators,” Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 7, no. 2, article 69, pp. 1–6, 2006. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  4. K. I. Noor, M. A. Noor, and E. Al-said, “Analytic functions defined by a certain integral operator,” International Journal of the Physical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 1876–1881, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. K. Prajapat, “Inclusion properties for certain classes of analytic functions involving a family of fractional integral operators,” Fractional Calculus & Applied Analysis, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 27–34, 2008. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  6. K. I. Noor, “On quasi convex functions and related topics,” International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 241–258, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. K. I. Noor, On close-to-convex and related functions [Ph.D. thesis], University of Wales, Wales, UK, 1972.
  8. H. M. Srivastava, M. Saigo, and S. Owa, “A class of distortion theorems involving certain operators of fractional calculus,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. 412–420, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  9. R. K. Raina and T. S. Nahar, “Certain subclasses of analytic p-valent functions with negative coefficients,” Informatica, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 469–478, 1998. View at MathSciNet
  10. J. K. Prajapat, R. K. Raina, and H. M. Srivastava, “Some inclusion properties for certain subclasses of strongly starlike and strongly convex functions involving a family of fractional integral operators,” Integral Transforms and Special Functions, vol. 18, no. 9-10, pp. 639–651, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  11. R. K. Raina and H. M. Srivastava, “A certain subclass of analytic functions associated with operators of fractional calculus,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 13–19, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  12. S. P. Goyal and J. K. Prajapat, “New class of analytic functions involving certain fractional differ-integral operators,” in Proceedings of the 4th Annual Conference of the Society for Special Functions and Their Applications (SSFA), vol. 4, pp. 27–35, 2003. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  13. S. P. Goyal and J. K. Prajapat, “A new class of analytic p-valent functions with negative coefficients and fractional calculus operators,” Tamsui Oxford Journal of Mathematical Sciences, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 175–186, 2004. View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  14. S. Kant, “Some subordination results involving generalized fractional differintegral operators,” International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Engineering Applications, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1–15, 2012. View at MathSciNet
  15. J. K. Prajapat and M. K. Aouf, “Majorization problem for certain class of p-valently analytic function defined by generalized fractional differintegral operator,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 42–47, 2012. View at MathSciNet
  16. I. B. Jung, Y. C. Kim, and H. M. Srivastava, “The Hardy space of analytic functions associated with certain one-parameter families of integral operators,” Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 176, no. 1, pp. 138–147, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  17. S. Miller, “Differential inequalities and Carathéodory functions,” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 81, pp. 79–81, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  18. K. I. Noor, “On some differential operators for certain classes of analytic functions,” Journal of Mathematical Inequalities, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 129–137, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  19. S. Ruscheweyh and V. Singh, “On certain extremal problems for functions with positive real part,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 329–334, 1976. View at MathSciNet
  20. R. Singh and S. Singh, “Convolution properties of a class of starlike functions,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 145–152, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet
  21. St. Ruscheweyh and T. Sheil-Small, “Hadamard products of Schlicht functions and the Pólya-Schoenberg conjecture,” Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici, vol. 48, pp. 119–135, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet