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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 142542, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/142542
Application Article

SAR Experiments Using a Conformal Antenna Array Radar Demonstrator

Fraunhofer FHR, Fraunhofer Street 20, 53343 Wachtberg, Germany

Received 4 January 2012; Revised 2 April 2012; Accepted 3 September 2012

Academic Editor: P. Mohanan

Copyright © 2012 Peter Knott et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Conformal antenna arrays have been studied for several years but only few examples of applications in modern radar or communication systems may be found up to date due to technological difficulties. The objective of the “Electronic Radar with Conformal Array Antenna” (ERAKO) demonstrator system which has been developed at the Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques (FHR) is to demonstrate the feasibility of an active electronically scanned antenna for conformal integration into small and medium sized airborne platforms. For practical trials the antenna has been adapted for operation with the Phased Array Multifunctional Imaging Radar (PAMIR) system developed at the institute. The antenna in combination with the PAMIR front-end needed to undergo a special calibration procedure for beam forming and imaging post-processing. The present paper describes the design and development of the conformal antenna array of the demonstrator system, its connection to the PAMIR system and results of recently conducted synthetic aperture radar (SAR) experiments.