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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 870318, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/870318
Research Article

Performance Comparison of Symmetric and Offset Reflector Antennas Adaptively Illuminated by Novel Triple Mode Feedhorn

Antenna and Microwave Laboratory (AML), Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-1309, USA

Received 19 June 2012; Revised 2 August 2012; Accepted 14 August 2012

Academic Editor: Ananda S. Mohan

Copyright © 2012 Satish K. Sharma and Mukund R. Thyagarajan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Parabolic symmetric and offset reflector antennas adaptively illuminated using a novel triple-mode feedhorn ( ) with different mode combinations and impedance and radiation performances are presented. The combination of the radiating modes in a feedhorn with proper amplitude and fixed phase values helps in electronically pointing the main beam of the radiating patterns such as that obtained in a beam-steering antenna with limited beam-scan range. This type of radiation performance virtually creates a displaced phase center location for the feedhorn, which, consequently, adaptively illuminates the reflector antenna surface. Impedance-matching bandwidths are preserved for both reflector antennas similar to the case of feedhorn alone. The copolarization gain and peak cross-polarization levels are far better with the offset reflector antenna than the symmetric reflector antenna. Such reflector antennas find applications in ground moving target indicator (GMTI) and space based radars. The investigation results are solely computed using FEKO full-wave analysis tool.