Table 1: WINNER reference propagation scenarios.

ScenarioDefinitionLoS/NLoSMob.AP htUE htDistance range Coverage
[km/h][m][m][m]

A1 (In building)Indoor small office/residentialLoS/NLoS0–5 1–2.51–2.53–100LA

A2Indoor-to-outdoorLoS/NLoS0–5 2–5 + floor height1-2 3–1000LA

B1 (Hotspot)Typical urban microcellLoS/NLoS0–70 Below RT (3–20)1-2 10–5000LA, MA

B2 Bad urban microcellLoS/NLoS0–70 Below RT1-2 10–5000 MA

B3 (Hotspot)Large indoor hallLoS0–5 2–61-2 5–100LA

B4Outdoor-to-indoorLoS/NLoS0–5 Below RT1-2 3–1000 MA

B5a (Hotspot, Metropol)LoS stat. feeder, rooftop to rooftopLoS0Above RTAbove RT30–8000MA

B5b/C5b (Hotspot, Metropol)LoS stat. feeder, street level to street levelLoS03–53–520–400 MA

B5c (Hotspot, Metropol)LoS stat. feeder, below rooftop to street levelLoS0Below RT, for example, 103–520–1000MA

B5d (Hotspot, Metropol)NLoS stat. feeder, above rooftop to street levelNLoS0Above RT, for example, 32 3–535–3000 MA

B5fFeeder link BS FRS. Approximately RT to RT levelLoS/OLoS/NLoS0RT, for example, 25RT, for example, 1530–1500WA

C1 (Metropol)SuburbanLoS/NLoS0–120Above RT, 10–401-230–5000MA, WA

C2 (Metropol)Typical urban macrocellNLoS0–120 Above RT, for example, 32 1-210–5000 MA, WA

C3Bad urban macrocellLoS/NLoS0–70 Above RT1-250–5000

C4Outdoor-to-indoorLoS/NLoS0–5 Above RT1-2 + floor height50–5000 MA

D1 (Rural)Rural macrocellLoS/NLoS0–200 Above RT, for example, 451-235–10000WA

D2aMoving networks: BS—MRS, ruralLoS0–35020–50 2.5–530–3000WA

D2bMoving networks: MRS—MS, ruralLoS/OLoS/NLoS0–5 2.5 1-23–100WA