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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 838364, 25 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/838364
Review Article

Advances in Antenna Technology for Wireless Handheld Devices

1Technology and Intellectual Property Rights Department, Fractus, 08190 Barcelona, Spain
2Electronics and Communications Department, Universitat Ramon Llull, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
3Systems and Concept, Sony Mobile, Redwood City, CA 94085, USA
4Bluetest AB, Lindholmsallén 10, 417 55 Gothenburg, Sweden
5Department of Signal Theory and Communications , Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Received 24 August 2012; Accepted 27 November 2012

Academic Editor: Mandeep Singh Jit Singh

Copyright © 2013 Jaume Anguera et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The constant evolution of wireless handheld devices together with the apparition of multiple wireless communication systems fosters the antenna community to design new radiating and measurements systems capable of satisfying the market demands. It is an object of the present paper to provide an overview of the evolution that wireless handheld technology has experienced in the last years. In this sense, a description of the evolution of wireless handheld devices, regulations, challenges in today’s smartphones, and handset characterization is reviewed. Finally, recent advances in antenna technology for wireless handheld or portable devices are presented.