- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Breast Cancer
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 689168, 9 pages
Why Breast Cancer Patients Seek Traditional Healers
1Cancer Resource and Education Centre, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Lifelong Education, Administration and Policy, College of Education, University of Georgia, 850 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
3Institute for Social Science Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Received 2 July 2011; Revised 24 August 2011; Accepted 25 August 2011
Academic Editor: Clement Adebamowo
Copyright © 2012 Mazanah Muhamad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- S. M. Razali and A. M. Yassin, “Complementary treatment of psychotic and epileptic patients in Malaysia,” Transcultural Psychiatry, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 455–469, 2008.
- C. H. Yip, N. A. Taib, and I. Mohamed, “Epidemiology of breast cancer in Malaysia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Preview, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 369–374, 2006.
- C. H. Yip, “Epidemiology of breast cancer in Malaysia,” in Breast Cancer in Malaysia,: Issues and Education Implications, Z. Hashim, Z. Mohd, S. Muhamad, and M. Muhamad, Eds., pp. 1–17, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, 2008.
- Z. Omar, Z. Ali, and N. I. Tamin, “Malaysian cancer and statistic- data and figure Peninsular Malaysia,” in National Cancer Registry 2006 Malaysia, pp. 1–112, 2006.
- P. Parsa, M. Kandiah, H. Abdul Rahman, and N. M. Zulkefli, “Barriers for breast cancer screening among Asian women: a mini literature review,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Preview, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 509–514, 2006.
- A. N. Hisham and C. H. Yip, “Overview of breast cancer in malaysian women: a problem with late diagnosis,” Asian Journal of Surgery, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 130–133, 2004.
- D. M. Eisenberg, R. C. Kessler, C. Foster, F. E. Norlock, D. R. Calkins, and T. L. Delbanco, “Unconventional medicine in the United States,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 328, no. 4, pp. 246–252, 1993.
- A. J. Vickers and B. R. Cassileth, “Unconventional therapies for cancer and cancer-related symptoms,” Lancet Oncology, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 226–232, 2001.
- K. T. Morris, N. Johnson, L. Homer, and D. Walts, “A comparison of complementary therapy use between breast cancer patients and patients with other primary tumor sites,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 179, no. 5, pp. 407–411, 2000.
- Z. M. Siti, A. Tahir, A. I. Farah et al., “Use of traditional and complementary medicine in Malaysia: a baseline study,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 17, no. 5-6, pp. 292–299, 2009.
- P. Jayaraj, “Regulation of traditional and complementary medicinal products in Malaysia,” International Journal of Green Pharmacy, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 10–14, 2010.
- S. S. Hasan, S. I. Ahmed, N. I. Bukhari, and W. C. W. Loon, “Use of complementary and alternative medicine among patients with chronic diseases at outpatient clinics,” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 152–157, 2009.
- K. M. Ariff and K. S. Beng, “Cultural health beliefs in a rural family practice: a Malaysian perspective,” Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 2–8, 2006.
- S. M. Razali and M. A. M. Najib, “Help-seeking pathways among Malay psychiatric patients,” International Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 281–289, 2000.
- World Health Organization, “Traditional medicine strategy 2002–2005,” 2002, http://www.who.int/medicines/publications/traditionalpolicy/en/.
- H. K. Heggenhougen, “The utilization of traditional medicine—a Malaysian example,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 1980.
- N. A. Taib, C. H. Yip, M. Ibrahim, C. J. Ng, and H. Farizah, “Breast cancer in malaysia: are our women getting the right message? 10 year-experience in a single institution in Malaysia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Preview, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 141–145, 2007.
- S. K. Pai, “Use of alternative cancer medicine in India,” Lancet Oncology, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 394–395, 2002.
- P. Tovey, J. Chatwin, and S. Ahmad, “Toward an understanding of decision making on complementary and alternative medicine use in poorer countries: the case of cancer care in Pakistan,” Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 236–241, 2005.
- S. Al-Adawi, “A glimpse into traditional outlook towards health: a literature review,” The Journal of Medical Humanities, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 67–79, 1993.
- B. D. K. Leong, J. A. Chuah, V. M. Kumar, S. Rohamini, Z. S. Siti, and C. H. Yip, “Trends of breast cancer treatment in Sabah, Malaysia: a problem with lack of awareness,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 772–776, 2009.
- R. Moodley, P. Sutherland, and O. Oulanova, “Traditional healing, the body and mind in psychotherapy,” Counselling Psychology Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 153–165, 2008.
- R. Struthers and V. S. Eschiti, “The experience of indigenous traditional healing and cancer,” Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 13–23, 2004.
- I. A. Malik, N. A. Khan, and W. Khan, “Use of unconventional methods of therapy by cancer patients in Pakistan,” European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 155–160, 2000.
- R. Salan and T. Maretzki, “Mental health services and traditional healing in Indonesia: are the roles compatible?” Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 377–412, 1983.
- P. C. Y. Chen, “Traditional and modern medicine in Malaysia,” Social Science and Medicine. Part A, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 127–136, 1981.
- B. W. K. Lau, “Why do patients go to traditional healers?” The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 92–95, 1989.
- I. E. Mohamed, K. S. Williams, M. B. Tamburrino, J. M. Wryobeck, and S. Carter, “Understanding locally advanced breast cancer: what influences a woman's decision to delay treatment?” Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 399–405, 2005.
- P. Tovey, A. Broom, J. Chatwin, M. Hafeez, and S. Ahmad, “Patient assessment of effectiveness and satisfaction with traditional medicine, globalized complementary and alternative medicines, and allopathic medicines for cancer in Pakistan,” Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 242–248, 2005.
- T. Risberg, E. Lund, and E. Wist, “Use of non-proven therapies,” Acta Oncologica, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 893–898, 1995.
- I. J. Lerner and B. J. Kennedy, “The prevalence of questionable methods of cancer treatment in the United States,” Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 181–191, 1992.
- M. Freeman and M. Motsei, “Planning health care in South Africa—is there a role for traditional healers?” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 1183–1190, 1992.
- R. Moodley and P. Sutherland, “Psychic retreats in other places: clients who seek healing with traditional healers and psychotherapists1,” Counselling Psychology Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 267–282, 2010.
- S. S. Rajaram and A. Rashidi, “Asian-Islamic women and breast cancer screening: a socio-cultural analysis,” Women and Health, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 45–58, 1999.
- A. Rashidi and S. S. Rajaram, “Middle eastern asian islamic women and breast self-examination: needs assessment,” Cancer Nursing, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 64–70, 2000.
- L. Remennick, “The challenge of early breast cancer detection among immigrant and minority women in multicultural societies,” Breast Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. S103–S110, 2006.
- S. B. Merriam, Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation, Jossey-Bass/Wiley.Patton, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2009.
- J. Corbin and A. Strauss, Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 3rd edition, 2007.
- M. Q. Patton, Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 3rd edition, 2002.
- F. A. Majid, “Culture and learner beliefs: a study of three Malay postgraduate students,” Asian Journal of University Education, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 127–142, 2008.
- M. S. Zalilah, M. A. Zamri, and M. Mazanah, “Decision making in breast cancer treatment: a qualitative inquiry,” Pertanika Journal Social Science & Human, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 269–277, 2008.
- Al-Quran, “Surah Al-Isra',” verse 23-24.
- O. Othman and M. Muhamad, “The survivors’ lump ‘epic’,” in Breast Cancer Survivorship in Malaysia: Profile & Learning Pattern, M. Muhamad, Ed., pp. 17–26, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, 2010.
- Al- Quran, “Surah An Nisa,” verse 34.
- K. A. Kamil and S. B. Khoo, “Cultural health beliefs in a rural family practice: a Malaysian perspective,” Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 2–8, 2006.
- S. B. Merriam and M. Muhamad, “How modern-day traditionalhealers diagnosed and treat cancer: the case of Malaysia,” in Proceedings of the 52nd International Conference of the Adult Education Research Conference (AERC) and the 30th National Conference of the Canadian Association for the study of Adult Education, S. Carpenter, S. Dossa, and B. J. Osborne, Eds., pp. 444–450, Toronto, Canada, June 2011.