305638.fig.001a
(a)
305638.fig.001b
(b)
305638.fig.001c
(c)
305638.fig.001d
(d)
Figure 1: SEM micrographs of nanoroughened implant surface before protein coating (magnification (a) ×5,000, (b) ×32,000, and (c) ×70,000). (d) Interferometer image of nanoroughened implant surface before protein coating (measurement area: 260 mm × 200 mm).