About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 513680, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/513680
Review Article

Variations to the Nanotube Surface for Bone Regeneration

Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0411, USA

Received 1 June 2012; Accepted 31 March 2013

Academic Editor: Tadashi Kokubo

Copyright © 2013 Christine J. Frandsen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Matassi, L. Nistri, D. C. Paez, and M. Innocenti, “New biomaterials for bone regeneration,” Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 21–24, 2011. View at Scopus
  2. B. Clarke, “Normal bone anatomy and physiology,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 3, supplement 3, pp. S131–S139, 2008.
  3. T. Albrektsson and C. Johansson, “Osteoinduction, osteoconduction and osseointegration,” European Spine Journal, vol. 10, no. 2, supplement, pp. S96–S101, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. L. Hench, D. L. Wheeler, and D. C. Greenspan, “Molecular control of bioactivity in sol-gel glasses,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 13, no. 1-3, pp. 245–250, 1999. View at Scopus
  5. L. L. Hench and J. M. Polak, “Third-generation biomedical materials,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5557, pp. 1014–1017, 2002. View at Scopus
  6. S. Kress, A. Neumann, B. Weyand, and C. Kasper, “Stem cell differentiation depending on different surfaces,” Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology, vol. 126, pp. 263–283, 2012.
  7. M. Ngiam, L. T. Nguyen, S. Liao, C. K. Chan, and S. Ramakrishna, “Biomimetic nanostructured materials—potential regulators for osteogenesis?” Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 213–222, 2011. View at Scopus
  8. M. Vallet-Regí and D. Arcos, “Nanostructured hybrid materials for bone tissue regeneration,” Current Nanoscience, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 179–189, 2006. View at Scopus
  9. R. McMurray, M. J. Dalby, and N. Gadegaard, “Nanopatterned surfaces for biomedical applications,” in Biomedical Engineering, Trends in Materials Science, A. N. Laskovski, Ed., vol. 22, InTech, 2011.
  10. Z. G. Zhang, Z. H. Li, X. Z. Mao, and W. C. Wang, “Advances in bone repair with nanobiomaterials: mini-review,” Cytotechnology, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 437–443, 2011.
  11. D. H. Kim, P. P. Provenzano, C. L. Smith, and A. Levchenko, “Matrix nanotopography as a regulator of cell function,” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 197, no. 3, pp. 351–360, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J. Y. Lim, A. E. Loiselle, J. S. Lee, Y. Zhang, J. D. Salvi, and H. J. Donahue, “Optimizing the osteogenic potential of adult stem cells for skeletal regeneration,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1627–1633, 2011.
  13. M. P. Prabhakaran, J. Venugopal, L. Ghasemi-Mobarakeh, et al., “Stem cells and nanostructures for advanced tissue regeneration,” Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Nanofibers, vol. 246, pp. 21–62, 2012.
  14. B. K. K. Teo, S. Ankam, and E. K. F. Yim, “Stem cell interaction with topography,” in Biomaterials as Stem Cell Niche, K. Roy, Ed., pp. 61–87, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2010.
  15. M. J. Dalby, N. Gadegaard, M. O. Riehle, C. D. Wilkinson, and A. S. Curtis, “Investigating filopodia sensing using arrays of defined nano-pits down to 35 nm diameter in size,” The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 2005–2015, 2004. View at Scopus
  16. M. J. Dalby, M. O. Riehle, H. Johnstone, S. Affrossman, and A. S. G. Curtis, “Investigating the limits of filopodial sensing: a brief report using SEM to image the interaction between 10 nm high nano-topography and fibroblast filopodia,” Cell Biology International, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 229–236, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Gong, C. A. Grimes, O. K. Varghese et al., “Titanium oxide nanotube arrays prepared by anodic oxidation,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 3331–3334, 2001. View at Scopus
  18. G. K. Mor, O. K. Varghese, M. Paulose, K. Shankar, and C. A. Grimes, “A review on highly ordered, vertically oriented TiO2 nanotube arrays: fabrication, material properties, and solar energy applications,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 90, no. 14, pp. 2011–2075, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W. J. Lee and W. H. Smyrl, “Zirconium oxide nanotubes synthesized via direct electrochemical anodization,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. B7–B9, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. K. Allam, X. J. Feng, and C. A. Grimes, “Self-assembled fabrication of vertically oriented Ta2O5 nanotube arrays, and membranes thereof, by one-step tantalum anodization,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 6477–6481, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Ruan, M. Paulose, O. K. Varghese, G. K. Mor, and C. A. Grimes, “Fabrication of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays using an organic electrolyte,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 33, pp. 15754–15759, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Oh, C. Daraio, L. H. Chen, T. R. Pisanic, R. R. Fiñones, and S. Jin, “Significantly accelerated osteoblast cell growth on aligned TiO2 nanotubes,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 97–103, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. C. Popat, L. Leoni, C. A. Grimes, and T. A. Desai, “Influence of engineered titania nanotubular surfaces on bone cells,” Biomaterials, vol. 28, no. 21, pp. 3188–3197, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. J. Maniotis, C. S. Chen, and D. E. Ingber, “Demonstration of mechanical connections between integrins, cytoskeletal filaments, and nucleoplasm that stabilize nuclear structure,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 849–854, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. H. Getzenberg, K. J. Pienta, W. S. Ward, and D. S. Coffey, “Nuclear structure and the three-dimensional organization of DNA,” Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 289–299, 1991. View at Scopus
  26. S. Yoriya and C. A. Grimes, “Self-assembled TiO2 nanotube arrays by anodization of titanium in diethylene glycol: approach to extended pore widening,” Langmuir, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 417–420, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Bauer, J. Park, J. Faltenbacher, S. Berger, K. Von Der Mark, and P. Schmuki, “Size selective behavior of mesenchymal stem cells on ZrO2 and TiO2 nanotube arrays,” Integrative Biology, vol. 1, no. 8-9, pp. 525–532, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. S. Brammer, C. Choi, C. J. Frandsen, S. Oh, G. Johnston, and S. Jin, “Comparative cell behavior on carbon-coated TiO2 nanotube surfaces for osteoblasts vs. osteo-progenitor cells,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2697–2703, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Srivastav, “An overview of metallic biomaterials for bone support and replacement,” in Biomedical Engineering, Trends in Materials Science, A. N. Laskovski, Ed., InTech, 2011.
  30. K. Das, S. Bose, and A. Bandyopadhyay, “TiO2 nanotubes on Ti: influence of nanoscale morphology on bone cell-materials interaction,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 225–237, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. E. Rodil, R. Olivares, H. Arzate, and S. Muhl, “Properties of carbon films and their biocompatibility using in-vitro tests,” Diamond and Related Materials, vol. 12, no. 3–7, pp. 931–937, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. F. Z. Cui and D. J. Li, “A review of investigations on biocompatibility of diamond-like carbon and carbon nitride films,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 131, no. 1–3, pp. 481–487, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. Z. Cui, X. L. Qing, D. J. Li, and J. Zhao, “Biomedical investigations on CNx coating,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 200, no. 1–4, pp. 1009–1013, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Amaral, A. G. Dias, P. S. Gomes et al., “Nanocrystalline diamond: in vitro biocompatibility assessment by MG63 and human bone marrow cells cultures,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 91–99, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Amaral, P. S. Gomes, M. A. Lopes, J. D. Santos, R. F. Silva, and M. H. Fernandes, “Cytotoxicity evaluation of nanocrystalline diamond coatings by fibroblast cell cultures,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 755–763, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. F. Chai, N. Mathis, N. Blanchemain, C. Meunier, and H. F. Hildebrand, “Osteoblast interaction with DLC-coated Si substrates,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1369–1381, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. F. S. M. Ismail, R. Rohanizadeh, S. Atwa et al., “The influence of surface chemistry and topography on the contact guidance of MG63 osteoblast cells,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 705–714, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Lechleitner, F. Klauser, T. Seppi et al., “The surface properties of nanocrystalline diamond and nanoparticulate diamond powder and their suitability as cell growth support surfaces,” Biomaterials, vol. 29, no. 32, pp. 4275–4284, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. Yang, B. W. Sheldon, and T. J. Webster, “Orthopedic nano diamond coatings: control of surface properties and their impact on osteoblast adhesion and proliferation,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 548–556, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Kalbacova, B. Rezek, V. Baresova, C. Wolf-Brandstetter, and A. Kromka, “Nanoscale topography of nanocrystalline diamonds promotes differentiation of osteoblasts,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 3076–3085, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. D. Boyan, T. W. Hummert, D. D. Dean, and Z. Schwartz, “Role of material surfaces in regulating bone and cartilage cell response,” Biomaterials, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 137–146, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus