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International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 876132, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/876132
Review Article

Application of Calcium Phosphate Materials in Dentistry

1Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Thamar, Dhamar 87407, Yemen
2Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Thamar, Dhamar 87407, Yemen

Received 6 January 2013; Revised 3 May 2013; Accepted 29 May 2013

Academic Editor: Bruce Milthorpe

Copyright © 2013 Jabr S. Al-Sanabani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Calcium phosphate materials are similar to bone in composition and in having bioactive and osteoconductive properties. Calcium phosphate materials in different forms, as cements, composites, and coatings, are used in many medical and dental applications. This paper reviews the applications of these materials in dentistry. It presents a brief history, dental applications, and methods for improving their mechanical properties. Notable research is highlighted regarding (1) application of calcium phosphate into various fields in dentistry; (2) improving mechanical properties of calcium phosphate; (3) biomimetic process and functionally graded materials. This paper deals with most common types of the calcium phosphate materials such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate which are currently used in dental and medical fields.