Table 1: The activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (GSH), and protein oxidation (Po) levels in renal tissue of control ( ), NAD ( ), DXR ( ), and DXR plus NAD groups ( ). * ; control versus NAD, DXR, and N + D, ** ; control versus N + D.

Markers
GroupsGSH (μmoL/mg protein)GPx (μmoL/μg)CAT (μmoL/μg)Protein oxidation (nmoL/μg)

Control5.32 ± 1.391.73 ± 0.389.16 ± 4.160.35 ± 0.04
NAD4.85 ± 1.15*0.60 ± 0.11*4.61 ± 0.36*0.15 ± 0.02*
DXR2.22 ± 1.06*0.41 ± 0.17*3.84 ± 0.99*4.32 ± 0.20*
DXR + NAD4.90 ± 0.9**1.48 ± 0.15*20.01 ± 7.40*0.68 ± 0.11*