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International Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 139328, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/139328
Research Article

A New Rapid and Sensitive Spectrophotometric Method for Determination of a Biopolymer Chitosan

Department of Pesticide Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University El-Shatby, Alexandria 21545, Egypt

Received 10 May 2012; Accepted 5 June 2012

Academic Editor: R. J. Linhardt

Copyright © 2012 Mohamed E. I. Badawy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A novel approach of spectrophotometric quantification of chitosan based on one-step depolymerization with sodium nitrite followed by reaction of the end product with thiobarbituric acid has been proposed, optimized, and validated. In this process, chitosan is converted into 2,5-anhydro-D-mannose that reacts with thiobarbituric acid to form pink color. The color that resulted from the reaction was stabilized and measured at 555 nm. The method optimization was essential as many procedural parameters influenced the accuracy of the determination including hydrolysis conditions, thiobarbituric acid concentration, reaction time, pH, reaction temperature, and color stability period. Under given optimized conditions that appeared to be critical, chitosan was quantitatively analyzed and the calibration graph was linear over the range of 10–50 μg/mL ( 𝑟 2 = 0 . 9 9 9 ). This approach was applied for determination of chitosan in pharmaceutical formulation (chitocal) and had a recovery rate of higher than 96%. The developed method is easy to use and highly accurate.