Table 4: Properties of the testing system.

Viscosity 𝜂 (mPa s)Density 𝜌 (kg/m³)Surface tension 𝜎 (mN/m)Contact angle 𝜃 (°)

Water199772.776.6
Water-glycerol (45 Wt%)4.611137069
Silicon-oil (DC5)4.691518.57