Table 7: Biorefinery capital cost components based on the reference plant size [36].

Capital cost
Fast pyrolysis (28 mmgpy bio-oil)Cost (millions)

Handling and drying5.57
Pyrolysis reactor3.92
Quench1.94
Heat recovery1.14
Product recovery and storage0.8
Recycle1.38
Steam and power production3.16
Utilities3.13
Contingency 7.37

Total 28.41