About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 679560, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/679560
Research Article

Examination of Perovskite Structure CaMnO3-δ with MgO Addition as Oxygen Carrier for Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling Using Methane and Syngas

1Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Division of Environmental and Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
2Department of Energy and Environment, Division of Energy Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 24 May 2013; Revised 19 August 2013; Accepted 21 August 2013

Academic Editor: Francisco José Hernández Fernández

Copyright © 2013 Dazheng Jing et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. IEA, CO2 Emissions From Fuel Combustion 2012, OECD Publishing, Paris, France, 2012.
  2. IPCC, Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005.
  3. A. Lyngfelt, “Oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion −4000 h of operational experience,” Oil and Gas Science and Technology, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 161–172, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Adanez, A. Abad, F. Garcia-Labiano, P. Gayan, and L. F. de Diego, “Progress in chemical-looping combustion and reforming technologies,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 215–282, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Ishida and H. Jin, “A novel chemical-looping combustor without NOx formation,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2469–2472, 1996. View at Scopus
  6. A. Lyngfelt, B. Leckner, and T. Mattisson, “A fluidized-bed combustion process with inherent CO2 separation; application of chemical-looping combustion,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 3101–3113, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Kronberger, E. Johansson, G. Löffer, T. Mattisson, A. Lyngfelt, and H. Hofbauer, “A two-compartment fluidized bed reactor for CO2 capture by chemical-looping combustion,” Chemical Engineering and Technology, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 1318–1326, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Mattisson, A. Lyngfelt, and H. Leion, “Chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling for combustion of solid fuels,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Ishida, D. Zheng, and T. Akehata, “Evaluation of a chemical-looping-combustion power-generation system by graphic exergy analysis,” Energy, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 147–154, 1987. View at Scopus
  10. T. Mattisson and A. Lyngfelt, “Capture of CO2 using chemical-looping combustion,” in Proceedings of the 1st Biennial Meeting of the Scandinavian-Nordic Section of the Combustion Institute, Göteborg, Sweden, April 2001.
  11. E. Jerndal, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Thermal analysis of chemical-looping combustion,” Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 795–806, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Linderholm, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Long-term integrity testing of spray-dried particles in a 10-kW chemical-looping combustor using natural gas as fuel,” Fuel, vol. 88, no. 11, pp. 2083–2096, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Kolbitsch, J. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, T. Pröll, and H. Hofbauer, “Operating experience with chemical looping combustion in a 120 kW dual circulating fluidized bed (DCFB) unit,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 180–185, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. Mattisson, M. Johansson, and A. Lyngfelt, “The use of NiO as an oxygen carrier in chemical-looping combustion,” Fuel, vol. 85, no. 5-6, pp. 736–747, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Adanez-Rubio, P. Gayan, A. Abad, L. F. de Diego, F. Garcia-Labiano, and J. Adanez, “Evaluation of a spray-dried CuO/MgAl2O4 oxygen carrier for the chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling process,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 5, no. 26, pp. 3069–3081, 2012.
  16. P. Gayán, I. Adánez-Rubio, A. Abad, L. F. de Diego, F. García-Labiano, and J. Adánez, “Development of Cu-based oxygen carriers for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) process,” Fuel, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 226–238, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Arjmand, A. Azad, H. Leion, A. Lyngfelt, and T. Mattisson, “Prospects of Al2O3 and MgAl2O4-supported CuO oxygen carriers in chemical-looping combustion (CLC) and chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU),” Energy & Fuels, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 5493–5502, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Abad, I. Adánez-Rubio, P. Gayán, F. García-Labiano, L. F. de Diego, and J. Adánez, “Demonstration of chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) process in a 1.5 kW(th) continuously operating unit using a Cu-based oxygen-carrier,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 6, pp. 189–200, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. F. de Diego, F. García-Labiano, P. Gayán, J. Celaya, J. M. Palacios, and J. Adánez, “Operation of a 10 kWth chemical-looping combustor during 200 h with a CuO-Al2O3 oxygen carrier,” Fuel, vol. 86, no. 7-8, pp. 1036–1045, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Mattisson, A. Järdnäs, and A. Lyngfelt, “Reactivity of some metal oxides supported on alumina with alternating methane and oxygen—application for chemical-looping combustion,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 643–651, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Cho, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Comparison of iron-, nickel-, copper- and manganese-based oxygen carriers for chemical-looping combustion,” Fuel, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 1215–1225, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. F. de Diego, P. Gayán, F. García-Labiano, J. Celaya, A. Abad, and J. Adánez, “Impregnated CuO/Al2O3 oxygen carriers for chemical-looping combustion: avoiding fluidized bed agglomeration,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1850–1856, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Q. Zafar, A. Abad, T. Mattisson, B. Gevert, and M. Strand, “Reduction and oxidation kinetics of Mn3O4/Mg-ZrO2 oxygen carrier particles for chemical-looping combustion,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 62, no. 23, pp. 6556–6567, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Azimi, H. Leion, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling for Mn-based materials, testing in batch fluidized bed,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 2010.
  25. G. Azimi, M. Rydén, H. Leion, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “(MnzFe1−z)yOx combined oxides as oxygen carrier for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling,” AIChE Journal, vol. 2, no. 59, pp. 582–588, 2013.
  26. M. Rydén, A. Lyngfelt, and T. Mattisson, “Combined manganese/iron oxides as oxygen carrier for chemical looping combustion with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) in a circulating fluidized bed reactor system,” Energy Procedia, no. 4, pp. 341–348, 2011.
  27. A. Shulman, E. Cleverstam, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfel, “Manganese/iron, manganese/nickel, and manganese/silicon oxides used in chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) for combustion of methane,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 5269–5275, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. Jing, E. Y. S. Hermans, H. Leion, M. Rydén, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Manganese silica combined oxide as oxygen carrier for chemical-looping combustion,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Chemical Looping, pp. 26–28, Darmstadt, Germany, September 2012.
  29. M. Rydén, H. Leion, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Combined oxides as oxygen-carrier material for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling,” Applied Energy. In press.
  30. T. Mattisson, “Materials for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling,” ISRN Chemical Engineering, vol. 2013, Article ID 526375, 19 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. E. I. Leonidova, I. A. Leonidov, M. V. Patrakeev, and V. L. Kozhevnikov, “Oxygen non-stoichiometry, high-temperature properties, and phase diagram of CaMnO3−δ,” Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1071–1075, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Bakken, T. Norby, and S. Stølen, “Nonstoichiometry and reductive decomposition of CaMnO3−δ,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 176, no. 1-2, pp. 217–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. H. Leion, Y. Larring, E. Bakken, R. Bredesen, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Use of CaMn0.875Ti0.125O3 as oxygen carrier in chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 5276–5283, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Rydén, A. Lyngfelt, and T. Mattisson, “CaMn0.875Ti0.125O3 as oxygen carrier for chemical-looping combustion with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU)—experiments in a continuously operating fluidized-bed reactor system,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 356–366, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. P. Hallberg, D. Jing, M. Rydén, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Chemical looping combustion and chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling experiments in a batch reactor using spray-dried CaMn1−xMxO3−δ (M = Ti, Fe, Mg) particles as oxygen carriers,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 3, no. 27, pp. 1473–1481, 2013.
  36. M. Källén, M. Rydén, C. Dueso, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “CaMn0.9Mg0.1O3−δ as oxygen carrier in a gas-fired 10 kWthchemical-looping combustion unit,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 21, no. 52, pp. 6923–6932, 2013.
  37. E. Jerndal, T. Mattisson, and A. Lyngfelt, “Investigation of different NiO/NiAl2O4 particles as oxygen carriers for chemical-looping combustion,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 665–676, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Sundqvist, H. Leion, M. Rydén, A. Lyngfelt, and T. Mattisson, “CaMn0.875Ti0.125O3-δ as an oxygen carrier for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU)-solid-fuel testing and sulfur interaction,” Energy Technology, vol. 5-6, no. 1, pp. 338–344, 2013.
  39. E. Jerndal, H. Leion, L. Axelsson et al., “Using low-cost iron-based materials as oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion,” Oil and Gas Science and Technology, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 235–248, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, T. Pröll, P. Kolbitsch, and H. Hofbauer, “Performance of a NiO-based oxygen carrier for chemical looping combustion and reforming in a 120 kW unit,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, vol. 1, pp. 19–25, November 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. E. I. Goldyreva, I. A. Leonidov, M. V. Patrakeev, and V. L. Kozhevnikov, “Oxygen non-stoichiometry and defect equlibria in CaMnO3−δ,” Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 1187–1191, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. E. Bakken, J. Boerio-Goates, T. Grande et al., “Entropy of oxidation and redox energetics of CaMnO3−δ,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 176, no. 29-30, pp. 2261–2267, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. L. Rørmark, A. B. Mørch, K. Wiik, S. Stølen, and T. Grande, “Enthalpies of oxidation of CaMnO3-δ, Ca2MnO4-δ and SrMnO3-δ—deduced redox properties,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 4005–4013, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. L. Bocher, M. H. Aguirre, R. Robert et al., “High-temperature stability, structure and thermoelectric properties of phases,” Acta Materialia, vol. 57, no. 19, pp. 5667–5680, 2009.
  45. H. Taguchi, M. Nagao, T. Sato, and M. Shimada, “High-temperature phase transition of CaMnO3-δ,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 312–315, 1989. View at Scopus
  46. L. Rormark, K. Wiik, S. Stolen, and T. Grande, “Oxygen stoichiometry and structural properties of La1−xAxMnO3±δ(A = Ca or Sr and 0x1),” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1058–1067, 2002.
  47. K. R. Poeppelmeier, M. E. Leonowicz, J. C. Scanlon, J. M. Longo, and W. B. Yelon, “Structure determination of CaMnO3 and CaMnO2.5 by X-ray and neutron methods,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 71–79, 1982. View at Scopus
  48. H. S. Horowitz and J. M. Longo, “Phase relations in the CaMnO system,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1359–1369, 1978. View at Scopus
  49. C. Li, K. C. K. Soh, and P. Wu, “Formability of ABO3 perovskites,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 372, no. 1-2, pp. 40–48, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. Neetika, A. Das, I. Dhiman et al., “Transport and magnetic properties of Fe doped CaMnO3,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 12, no. 112, Article ID 123913, 6 pages, 2012.
  51. K. Nakade, K. Hirota, M. Kato, and H. Taguchi, “Effect of the Mn3+ ion on electrical and magnetic properties of orthorhombic perovskite-type Ca(Mn1−xTix)O3-δ,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1069–1076, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus