Table 1: EDCs and PPCPs investigated in the effluents.
(a)

Chemical nameClassificationMolecular weight (g mol−1)Water solubility (mg L−1 at 25°C)log

Estrone (E1)Steroid270.4303.43
17 β-Estradiol (E2)Steroid272.4253.94
17 α-Ethynylestradiol (EE2)Steroid296.44.84.15
CarbamazepineAnalgesic236.317.72.45
AspirinNSAID180.252951.13
TriclosanAntiseptic289.54.64.76

(b)

Names StructureUses and effects

Estrone (E1) 760915.tab.001aEstrogenic hormone secreted by the ovary.

17 β-Estradiol (E2)760915.tab.001bSex hormone—Oestrogen. Estradiol has a critical impact on reproductive and sexual functioning, as well as organs including bone structure.

17 α-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) 760915.tab.001cSynthetic form of Estradiol used for contraception.

Carbamazepine760915.tab.001dAnticonvulsant and mood stabilizing drug, used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder.

Aspirin760915.tab.001eUsed to treat fever, pain, rheumatic fever, and inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid pericarditis and arthritis.

Triclosan760915.tab.001fTriclosan is found in soaps (0.15–0.30%), deodorants, toothpastes, mouth washes, and cleaning supplies, acting as antifungal and antibacterial. It is an endocrine disruptor. It can combine with chlorine in water to form chloroform which is a carcinogen.