- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 176483, 7 pages
Development of Activated Carbon from Cotton Fibre Waste as Potential Mercury Adsorbent: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies
1International Centre for Ecological Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal 741 235, India
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, B200, Monobe, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8502, Japan
Received 23 November 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 5 February 2014
Academic Editor: Jean-Pierre Corriou
Copyright © 2014 Jatindra N. Bhakta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry), “CERCLA priority list of hazardous substances,” Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2007, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/.
- P. C. Bidstrup, Toxicity of Mercury and Its Compounds, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1964.
- R. Eisler, “Mercury hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: a synoptic review,” U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report, vol. 85, pp. 1–10, 1987.
- M. Horvat, N. Nolde, V. Fajon et al., “Total mercury, methylmercury and selenium in mercury polluted areas in the province Guizhou, China,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 304, no. 1–3, pp. 231–256, 2003.
- F. Fang, Q. Wang, and J. Li, “Urban environmental mercury in Changchun, a metropolitan city in Northeastern China: source, cycle, and fate,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 330, no. 1–3, pp. 159–170, 2004.
- F. S. Zhang, J. O. Nriagu, and H. Itoh, “Mercury removal from water using activated carbons derived from organic sewage sludge,” Water Research, vol. 39, no. 2-3, pp. 389–395, 2005.
- K. R. Mahaffey, “Methylmercury: epidemiology update,” in Proceedings of the National Fish Forum, San Diego, Calif, USA, 2004, http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/fish/forum/2004/presentations/Monday/mahaffey.pdf.
- USEPA, “Mercury study report to congress,” EPA-452/R-97-005, 1997.
- H. Biester, G. Müller, and H. F. Schöler, “Estimating distribution and retention of mercury in three different soils contaminated by emissions from chlor-alkali plants: part I,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 284, no. 1–3, pp. 177–189, 2002.
- F. M. G. Tack, T. Vanhaesebroeck, M. G. Verloo, K. van Rompaey, and E. van Ranst, “Mercury baseline levels in Flemish soils (Belgium),” Environmental Pollution, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 173–179, 2005.
- K. A. Krishnan and T. S. Anirudhan, “Removal of mercury (II) from aqueous solutions and chlor-alkali industry effluent by steam activated and sulfurised activated carbons prepared from bagasse pith: kinetics and equilibrium studies,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 161–183, 2002.
- K. Kadirvelu, M. Kavipriya, C. Karthika, N. Vennilamani, and S. Pattabhi, “Mercury (II) adsorption by activated carbon made from sago waste,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 745–752, 2004.
- H. Kothandaraman and S. Geetha, Principle of Environmental Chemistry, B.I. Publication, New Delhi, India, 1997.
- WHO, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, vol. 1, 3rd edition, 2004.
- K. Gergova, N. Petrov, and V. Minkova, “A comparison of adsorption characteristics of various activated carbons,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 77–82, 1993.
- B. S. Girgis and M. F. Ishak, “Activated carbon from cotton stalks by impregnation with phosphoric acid,” Materials Letters, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 107–114, 1999.
- J. N. Bhakta, M. Salim, K. Yamasaki, and Y. Munekage, “Mercury adsorption stoichiometry of ceramic and activated carbon from aqueous phase under different pH and temperature,” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 52–59, 2009.
- M. Zabihi, A. Ahmadpour, and A. H. Asl, “Removal of mercury from water by carbonaceous sorbents derived from walnut shell,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 167, no. 1–3, pp. 230–236, 2009.
- J. H. Cai and C. Q. Jia, “Mercury removal from aqueous solution using coke-derived sulfur-impregnated activated carbons,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 2716–2721, 2010.
- M. Streat, J. W. Patrick, and M. J. Camporro Perez, “Sorption of phenol and para-chlorophenol from water using conventional and novel activated carbons,” Water Research, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 467–472, 1995.
- S. S. Krishnan, A. Cancilla, and R. E. Jervis, “Waste water treatment for heavy metal toxins using plant and hair,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 267–273, 1988.
- R. R. Navarro, K. Sumi, N. Fujii, and M. Matsumura, “Mercury removal from wastewater using porous cellulose carrier modified with polyethyleneimine,” Water Research, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 2488–2494, 1996.
- K. Kadirvelu, Preparation and characterization of coir pith carbon and its utilization in the treatment of metal bearing wastewater [Ph.D. thesis], Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India, 1998.
- C. X. Hu, J. S. Zhou, Z. Y. Luo, S. He, G. K. Wang, and K. F. Cen, “Effect of oxidation treatment on the adsorption and the stability of mercury on activated carbon,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1161–1166, 2006.
- J. M. V. Nabais, P. J. M. Carrott, M. M. L. R. Carrott, and J. A. Menéndez, “Preparation and modification of activated carbon fibres by microwave heating,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 1315–1320, 2004.
- H. Deng, L. Yang, G. Tao, and J. Dai, “Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from cotton stalk by microwave assisted chemical activation—application in methylene blue adsorption from aqueous solution,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 166, no. 2-3, pp. 1514–1521, 2009.
- N. Kawasaki, H. Tominaga, F. Ogata, K. Inoue, and M. Kankawa, “Development of novel carbon fiber produced from waste fiber by carbonization,” Journal of Oleo Science, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 593–600, 2012.
- K. M. Holland, “Producing active carbon using microwave discharge,” US Patent #5, 364, 821, 1994.
- J. Sun, E. J. Hippo, H. Marsh, W. S. O'Brien, and J. C. Crelling, “Activated carbon produced from an Illinois basin coal,” Carbon, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 341–352, 1997.
- J. Díaz-Terán, D. M. Nevskaia, A. J. López-Peinado, and A. Jerez, “Porosity and adsorption properties of an activated charcoal,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 187-188, pp. 167–175, 2001.
- S. M. Manocha, “Porous carbons,” Sadhana, vol. 28, part 1-2, pp. 335–348, 2003.
- J. N. Bhakta and Y. Munekage, “Identification of potential soil adsorbent for the removal of hazardous metals from aqueous phase,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 10, pp. 315–324, 2013.
- F. S. Baker, C. E. Miller, A. J. Repik, and E. D. Tolles, “Activated carbon,” in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, vol. 4, pp. 1015–1037, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1992.
- M. Salim, Y. Munekage, and K. M. Naing, “Arsenic(III) removal from contaminated water using silica ceramic: a batch adsorption study,” Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 7, no. 16, pp. 2314–2320, 2007.
- D. O. Cooney, Activated Charcoal: Antidotal and Other Medical Uses, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1980.
- O. Vohler, F. von Sturm, E. Wege, H. von Kienle, M. Voll, and P. Kleischmit, “Carbon,” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, W. Gerhartz, Ed., VCH, Berlin, Germany, 5th edition, 1986.
- M. J. S. Yabe and E. de Oliveira, “Heavy metals removal in industrial effluents by sequential adsorbent treatment,” Advances in Environmental Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 263–272, 2003.
- B. Benguella and H. Benaissa, “Cadmium removal from aqueous solutions by chitin: kinetic and equilibrium studies,” Water Research, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 2463–2474, 2002.
- Y. Yalcnkaya, L. Soysal, A. Denizli, M. Y. Arca, S. Bektaş, and O. Genç, “Biosorption of cadmium from aquatic systems by carboxymethylcellulose and immobilized trametes versicolor,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 31–40, 2002.
- H. Cesur and N. Balkaya, “Zinc removal from aqueous solution using an industrial by-product phosphogypsum,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 131, no. 1–3, pp. 203–208, 2007.
- Y. H. Magdy and A. A. M. Daifullah, “Adsorption of a basic dye from aqueous solutions onto sugar-industry-mud in two modes of operations,” Waste Management, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 219–226, 1998.
- J. S. Mattson and H. B. Mark Jr., Activated Carbon, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1971.
- USSPA, EPCRA Section 313 Reporting Guidance for Food Processors, EPA Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Washington, DC, USA, 1998.
- M. H. Shapiro, “How treating filtration media comparable to activated carbon would be permitted under RCRA,” Letter to S. M. Churbock (Envirotrol), USEPA, Washington, DC, USA, 1996, http://yosemite.epa.gov/osw/rcra.nsf/documents/3A7C832687A92576852565DA006F05D9.
- M. D. Sufnarski, The Regeneration of Granular Activated Carbon Using Hydrothermal Technology, The University of Texas, Austin, Tex, USA, 1999, http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA362534.