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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 273523, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/273523
Research Article

Optimization of Process Parameters by Statistical Experimental Designs for the Production of Naringinase Enzyme by Marine Fungi

1Biochemistry Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
2Chemistry of Natural and Microbial Products Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Received 19 September 2013; Revised 10 December 2013; Accepted 10 December 2013; Published 4 February 2014

Academic Editor: Donald L. Feke

Copyright © 2014 Abeer Nasr Shehata and Abeer Abas Abd El Aty. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Naringinase has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years due to its hydrolytic activities which include the production of rhamnose and prunin and debittering of citrus fruit juices. Screening of fifteen marine-derived fungi, locally isolated from Ismalia, Egypt, for naringinase enzyme production, indicated that Aspergillus niger was the most promising. In solid state fermentation (SSF) of the agroindustrial waste, orange rind was used as a substrate containing naringin. Sequential optimization strategy, based on statistical experimental designs, was employed to enhance the production of the debittering naringinase enzyme. Effects of 19 variables were examined for their significance on naringinase production using Plackett-Burman factorial design. Significant parameters were further investigated using Taguchi’s (L16 ) orthogonal array design. Based on statistical analysis (ANOVA), the optimal combinations of the major constituents of media for maximal naringinase production were evaluated as follows: 15 g orange rind waste, 30 mL moisture content, 1% grape fruit, 1% NaNO3, 0.5% KH2PO4, 5 mM MgSO4, 5 mM FeSO4, and the initial pH 7.5. The activity obtained was more than 3.14-fold the basal production medium.