- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents

International Journal of Differential Equations

Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 724837, 5 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/724837

## Global and Blow-Up Solutions for Nonlinear Hyperbolic Equations with Initial-Boundary Conditions

^{1}Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Gazi University, Teknikokullar, Ankara, Turkey^{2}Incirli Mahallesi, Karaelmas Sokak, Yunusemre Caddesi 51/18, İncirli, Ankara, Turkey

Received 24 December 2013; Revised 7 March 2014; Accepted 20 March 2014; Published 13 April 2014

Academic Editor: D. D. Ganji

Copyright © 2014 Ülkü Dinlemez and Esra Aktaş. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

We consider an initial-boundary value problem to a nonlinear string equations with linear damping term. It is proved that under suitable conditions the solution is global in time and the solution with a negative initial energy blows up in finite time.

#### 1. Introduction

We study the damped nonlinear string equation with source term : where , is a smooth function for with the initial conditions and boundary conditions The problem (1)–(3) can be regarded as modelling a nonlinear string with vertical displacement function in . And this problem has nonlinear mechanical damping of the form . The right end of the string makes it steady. The input function and the output function are applied on the left.

Wu and Li [1] studied the motion for a nonlinear beam model with nonlinear damping and external forcing terms. They showed that this model has a unique global solution and blow-up solution under the same conditions. Levine et al. [2] and Levine and Serrin [3] studied abstract version. Georgiev and Todorova [4] studied nonlinear wave equations involving the nonlinear damping term and source term of type . They proved global existence theorem with large initial data for . Hao and Li [5] studied the global solutions for a nonlinear string with boundary input and output. Dinlemez [6] proved the global existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for the initial-boundary value problem for a nonlinear wave equation with strong structural damping and nonlinear source terms in . A lot of papers in connection with blow-up, global solutions and existence of weak solutions were studied in [7–15].

In this paper we first find energy equation for the problem (1)–(3). Then we prove the solutions of the problem (1)–(3) are global in time under some conditions on the function , input , and the output . Finally we establish a blow-up result for solutions with a negative initial energy. Our approach is similar to the one in [5].

#### 2. Main Results

Now we give the following lemma for energy equation for the problem (1)–(3).

Lemma 1. *Let and be a solution of the problem (1)–(3). Then the energy equation of the problem (1)–(3) is
*

*Proof. *Multiplying (1) with and integrating over , then we get

Applying integration by parts in the right hand side of (6), we find

And using boundary conditions in equality (7), we obtain
Hence the proof is completed.

Next we give the following theorem for global solutions in time.

Theorem 2. *Assume that is a solution of the problem (1)–(3) with and*(i)* satisfies the following condition:
*(ii)*the input and the output functions satisfy
** Then the solution is global in time.*

*Proof. *Let
Differentiating with respect to and using (5), we get
Using the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality in the last term of (12), we obtain
and it follows from (12), (13), and (10) that we have
By assumption (9) and integrating over and , respectively, we yield
Furthermore, we have
and then
Combining (11), (14), (15), and (17), we get
where . Using Gronwall’s inequality, we have
Therefore together with the continuation principle and the definition of we complete the proof of Theorem 2.

Then we give the following theorem for the blow-up solutions of the problem (1)–(3).

Theorem 3. *Let be a solution of the problem (1)–(3) with . Assume that*(i)*there exists such that the function satisfies
*(ii)*the initial values satisfy *(iii)*the input and output functions satisfy
*(iv)* satisfies .**Then the solution blows up in finite time , and
**
where is some positive constant independent of the initial value and are given by (25).*

*Proof. *We define
By virtue of (5), (21), (22), and (24), we get
Taking a derivative of (25) and using (26), we have
Multiplying (1) by and integrating over the interval and then using boundary conditions (3), we obtain
From the definition of we yield

Combining (29) and (30) in (28), we get
Using (22) in (31), we obtain
Thanks to Young's inequality,
for with and , and then we get
From embedding for and using (iv), we have and putting (34) in (32) we have
From (20), we get
Choosing and , we obtain
Thanks to (21) and (27), we yield
Now we estimate . From Holder’s inequality,
then using Young's inequality again we get
where and with . And so we have
Choosing , , we obtain
Therefore we yield
where depends on and . From (37) and (43), we have
where . Integrating (44) over , then we get
Hence blows up in finite time . is given by the inequality as below:
Consequently the solution blows up in finite time. And the proof of Theorem 3 is now finished.

#### Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

#### Acknowledgment

The authors would like to thank the referees for the careful reading of this paper and for the valuable suggestions to improve the presentation and style of the paper.

#### References

- J.-Q. Wu and S.-J. Li, “Global solution and blow-up solution for a nonlinear damped beam with source term,”
*Applied Mathematics*, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 447–453, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - H. A. Levine, P. Pucci, and J. Serrin, “Some remarks on global nonexistence for nonautonomous abstract evolution equations,”
*Contemporary Mathematics*, vol. 208, pp. 253–263, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - H. A. Levine and J. Serrin, “Global nonexistence theorems for quasilinear evolution equations with dissipation,”
*Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*, vol. 137, no. 4, pp. 341–361, 1997. View at Scopus - V. Georgiev and G. Todorova, “Existence of a solution of the wave equation with nonlinear damping and source terms,”
*Journal of Differential Equations*, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 295–308, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - J. Hao and S. Li, “Global solutions and blow-up solutions for a nonlinear string with boundary input and output,”
*Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications*, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 131–137, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - Ü. Dinlemez, “Global existence, uniqueness of weak solutions and determining functionals for nonlinear wave equations,”
*Advances in Pure Mathematics*, vol. 3, pp. 451–457, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - Y. Guo and M. A. Rammaha, “Global existence and decay of energy to systems of wave equations with damping and supercritical sources,”
*Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Physik*, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 621–658, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - L. Bociu, M. Rammaha, and D. Toundykov, “On a wave equation with supercritical interior and boundary sources and damping terms,”
*Mathematische Nachrichten*, vol. 284, no. 16, pp. 2032–2064, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - C. O. Alves, M. M. Cavalcanti, V. N. Domingos Cavalcanti, M. A. Rammaha, and D. Toundykov, “On existence, uniform decay rates and blow up for solutions of systems of nonlinear wave equations with damping and source terms,”
*Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems*, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 583–608, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - M. M. Cavalcanti, V. N. Domingos Cavalcanti, and I. Lasiecka, “Well-posedness and optimal decay rates for the wave equation with nonlinear boundary damping-source interaction,”
*Journal of Differential Equations*, vol. 236, no. 2, pp. 407–459, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - C. O. Alves and M. M. Cavalcanti, “On existence, uniform decay rates and blow up for solutions of the 2-D wave equation with exponential source,”
*Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations*, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 377–411, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - M. A. Rammaha, “The influence of damping and source terms on solutions of nonlinear wave equations,”
*Boletim da Sociedade Paranaense de Matemática*, vol. 25, no. 1-2, pp. 77–90, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - V. Barbu, I. Lasiecka, and M. A. Rammaha, “Existence and uniqueness of solutions to wave equations with nonlinear degenerate damping and source terms,”
*Control and Cybernetics*, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 665–687, 2005. View at Scopus - M. M. Cavalcanti and V. N. Domingos Cavalcanti, “Existence and asymptotic stability for evolution problems on manifolds with damping and source terms,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 291, no. 1, pp. 109–127, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - M. M. Cavalcanti, V. N. D. Cavalcanti, J. S. Prates Filho, and J. A. Soriano, “Existence and uniform decay of solutions of a parabolic-hyperbolic equation with nonlinear boundary damping and boundary source term,”
*Communications in Analysis and Geometry*, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 451–466, 2002. View at Scopus