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(a) Quasi-UDG and perturbed grid deployment
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(b) Quasi-UDG and random deployment
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(c) UDG and perturbed grid deployment
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(d) UDG and random deployment
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(e) Quasi-UDG and perturbed grid deployment
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(f) Quasi-UDG and random deployment
Figure 2: Simulation results. 1600 nodes are deployed over a square region. The average node degree varies from 4 to 13. In all simulations, for perturbed grid model, and for quasi-UDG model. A wormhole is launched at the diagonal of the network. The average number of wormhole nodes is 15. (a)–(d) evaluate the number of false positives under various network settings. (e)-(f) evaluate number of false negatives.