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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 386093, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/386093
Research Article

Target Q-Coverage Problem with Bounded Service Delay in Directional Sensor Networks

1School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
2Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China

Received 2 August 2012; Accepted 4 September 2012

Academic Editor: Qun Li

Copyright © 2012 Deying Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Maximizing network lifetime is an important objective for the target-coverage problem. With practicable manufacture and cost reduction, directional sensor has been widely used in wireless sensor networks to save energy. In this paper, we address the target Q-coverage (TQC) problem to prolong the network lifetime with bounded service delay constraint in directional sensor networks. We propose a protocol to find a collection of coverage sets that satisfy the coverage quality requirement and the bounded service delay constraint, where the target in each coverage set may not be served continuously but can be served with tolerant service delay. By steering some sensors’ directional antennas, our protocol could deal with the changes of network topology or monitoring tasks. Simulation results show that the performance of our protocol is close to the upper bound of the optimal solution.