Table 2: Simulation parameters.

ParameterValue

Sensor field 100 m × 100 m
BS location (170,50)
Number of nodes 100
Initial energy of nodes 2 J
Data packet size 500 bytes
𝐸 e l e c 50 nJ/bit
𝜀 f s 10 pJ/(bit·m2)
𝜀 m p 0.0013 pJ/(bit·m4)
𝑅 30 m
𝑑 0 86 m