Table 1: Notations of mathematical formula.

NameDescription

Energy consumption of grid leader election in TESCES
Energy consumption of grid leader election in FPALA
Energy consumption of grid leader election in ESCR
Energy consumption of grid leader maintenance in TESCES
Energy consumption of grid leader maintenance in ESCR
Energy consumption of routing in TESCES
Energy consumption of routing in FPALA
Energy consumption of routing in ESCR
Total nodes in the ith grid
Probability of nodes joining a grid leader election
Probability of nodes broadcasting a BID packet in a grid leader election
Length of BID packet
Length of BID_E packet
Length of GATE packet
Length of GATE_E packet
Length of RTS packet
Length of CTS packet
Length of DATA packet
Length of RREQ packet
Length of RREP packet
Time interval of election phase
Time interval of leader phase
Time interval of a superframe
Time interval of intra-grid phase
Time interval of inter-grid phase
DTransmission data rate
Energy consumption in active mode
Energy consumption in doze mode
Energy consumption from sender to intermediate leader
Energy consumption from intermediate leader to receiver
Energy consumption from sender to receiver
Number of data packets along the routing
Number of total leaders along the routing
Distance from sending node to receiving node
Distance from sending node to intermediate node
Distance from intermediate node to receiving node