Table 2: Simulation parameters.

NameValue

Simulation area  m2
Number of grids
Number of nodes ( )100, 200, 400
Side length of grid ( )100 m
Transmission radius of a radio signal ( )  m
Data rate ( )11 Mbits/s
Time interval time of a superframe ( )200 ms
Time interval of leader phase ( )1 ms
Time interval of election phase ( )4 ms
Transmission rate200 packet/s
Size of packet1500 bytes
Full battery energy of a node ( )40 J
Threshold value of retirement ( )8 J
Energy consumption in active mode ( )280 mW
Energy consumption in doze mode ( )10 mW