Table 3: Simulation environment configurations.

ParameterValue

Network area 1 5 0 0 × 3 0 0  m2
Number of nodes76 (1 source, 25 targets)
Simulation time910 s
Communication radius250 m
Data rate20 kbps
Mobility modelRWP without pause time
Mobility speed1 m/s, 20 m/s
Size of data message256 B
Size of control message10 B
Initial energy per node6.75 J
Energy threshold E_Th 2 J