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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 658724, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/658724
Research Article

Noninvasive Wireless Sensor PFMT Device for Pelvic Floor Muscle Training

1Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science, Tamkang University, Tamshui, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 11217, Taiwan
3Department of Information Technology, Takming College, Taipei 11451, Taiwan

Received 14 December 2011; Accepted 16 March 2012

Academic Editor: Chih-Yung Chang

Copyright © 2012 Jui-Fa Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is a common problem among adults. Studies have shown up to 70% improvement in stress incontinence symptoms following appropriately performed pelvic floor exercise. This improvement is evident across all age groups. In this study, we cooperated with a doctor of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan. We developed a noninvasive device with the purpose of helping patients commence and perform pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). This device consists of a PFMT device, an Arduino control board, a force sensor, a Bluetooth device, and an SD card. The objectives of this study are to train patients to inhibit detrusor contraction voluntarily and to contract periurethral muscles selectively. The system records and analyzes sensor data and provides voice prompts during PFMT exercise for patients at hospitals or their homes. Meanwhile, it tracks patients’ PFMT exercise at home, and doctors can contact patients for additional visitation(s) if necessary.