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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 301869, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/301869
Research Article

Clustering with One-Time Setup for Reduced Energy Consumption and Prolonged Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks

Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmundaero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea

Received 17 October 2012; Accepted 22 January 2013

Academic Editor: Wei Wang

Copyright © 2013 Heewook Shin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In wireless sensor networks, clustering is effectively used for many applications, including environment monitoring, because it promises efficient energy consumption for inexpensive battery-operated sensors. The most famous clustering protocol, LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy), enables the balanced consumption of energy to prolong a network lifetime. In LEACH, however, extra energy and time are consumed to reform clusters at the setup phase of every round. This side effect is worse as the number of clusters increases. This paper presents a novel energy-efficient clustering scheme called COTS (Clustering with One-Time Setup) which removes the cluster-reforming process required at every round after the first round. The proposed COTS allows that the role of the cluster head is rotated among members in a cluster without cluster reforming. By removing the cluster-reforming process, the number of transmissions per round is decreased accordingly. As a result, energy consumption is significantly reduced, resulting in prolonged network lifetime. The simulation study shows that the network performance and lifetime are much improved as the number of clusters is increased.