Table 1: Parameters for simulation.

ParameterValue

Number of nodes100
Number of CHs5 (default), 10
Initial energy1, 2 (default)
Round interval10 sec
5 nJ/bit/signal
50 nJ/bit
5 nJ/bit
10 pJ/bit/m2
0.0013 pJ/bit/m4
Location of BS(125, 75)
Network area100 × 100 m2
Transmission range136 m