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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 491756, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/491756
Research Article

PASS: Parking-Lot-Assisted Carpool over Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

1Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China
2Yunnan Key Laboratory of Computer Technology Applications, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China

Received 9 November 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012

Academic Editor: Ming Liu

Copyright © 2013 Jinqi Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Information interaction is a crucial part of modern transportation activities. In this paper, we propose the idea of PASS: a parking-lot-assisted carpool method over vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). PASS aims at optimizing transport utilization by the carpooling among car drivers who cover a part of the same traveling route. With wireless device enabled in the vehicle, a user can easily get matched vehicles information and then express his travel demands via radio queries over VANETs to the corresponding driver. The driver can decide whether to provide carpooling services or not. We investigate the main challenges in PASS design, via the parking lot to collect vehicle trajectories, via accelerator sensor to sense vehicle’s movement, establish a routing tree to delivery vehicle trajectory information to nearby parking lots, and design a suitable matching scheme to match the target vehicle in VANETs. Finally, simulation results prove that PASS is effective and efficient in carpooling among vehicle drivers.