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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 809742, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/809742
Research Article

A Study on the Tracking Problem in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China

Received 3 December 2012; Accepted 12 January 2013

Academic Editor: Ming Liu

Copyright © 2013 Xing Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vehicles have the characteristic of high mobility which makes vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) different from other mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), it is more difficult to establish an end-to-end route in VANETs, and the source and destination nodes keep moving fast from their original locations. To guarantee a data packet will finally be received by the destination node in VANETs, and the location of the destination node must be tracked constantly. Advanced Greedy Forwarding (AGF (Naumov et al. (2006))) is a good way to estimate the location of the destination node by taking advantage of the velocity vectors; however, a vehicle changes its velocity constantly, it would be very inaccurate to estimate the location of a vehicle via its initial velocity. In this paper, we study the tracking problem in VANETs and propose two solutions: area-based tracking (ABT) and parked vehicle-assisted tracking (PVAT). ABT works well when the delays in data transmission from source to destination are small, and PVAT works as a supplement of ABT and deals with the situation of which the delays are large. PVAT takes advantage of vehicular sensors to detect whether a vehicle is parking. Simulations show better results compared to AGF.