Table 1: The simulation parameters.

Name of the parameterParameter values

Network area (variable)100 m 100 m
Number of nodes (variable)100
Initial energy for homogeneous nodes (variable)0.5 joules
Initial energy for heterogeneous nodes (variable)1 joules
50 nJ/bit
= 50 nJ/bit
(Friss-amp)10 pJ/bits/m2
(two-ray-amp)0.0013 pJ/bit/m4
Distance dosqrt ( / )
5 nJ/bit
Packet size (variable)4000 bits