Table 1: Comparison of clinical characteristics and comorbidities among DR groups: (%).

TotalNDRDR

2009 (100)1412 (100)597 (100)
Male1145 (57)832 (58.9)313 (52.4)0.007−0.060
Female864 (43)580 (41.1)284 (47.6)
Dyslipidemia1503 (74.8)1063 (75.3)440 (73.7)0.564−0.017
Hypertension1166 (58)778 (55.1)388 (65)0.0000.092
Anemia164 (8.2)86 (6.1)78 (13.1)0.0000.116
CHD122 (6.1)90 (6.4)32 (5.4)0.385−0.019
CVD108 (5.4)78 (5.5)30 (5.0)0.650−0.100
PA1334 (66.4)912 (64.6)422 (70.7)0.0080.059
DN497 (24.7)283 (20.0)214 (35.8)0.0000.167
DPN866 (43.1)541 (38.3)325 (54.4)0.0000.149
Hyperuricemia/
Gout
208 (10.4)151 (10.7)57 (9.5)0.441−0.017

* Univariate relation of DR with clinical comorbidities was determined using Spearman’s correlation coefficient.
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