Table 2: Comparison of clinical parameters between DR groups.

TotalNDRDR

Age, years59.69 ± 12.2859.89 ± 12.8159.21 ± 10.930.227−0.032
Duration, years8.05 ± 6.716.99 ± 6.2910.58 ± 6.98 <0.0010.255
BMI, kg/m224.77 ± 3.5124.84 ± 3.5324.61 ± 3.450.174−0.028
SBP, mmHg131.40 ± 17.39129.53 ± 16.55135.79 ± 18.51<0.0010.164
DBP, mmHg79.61 ± 9.6879.18 ± 9.4880.62 ± 10.080.0020.068
Hb, g/L135 (125~145)136 (126~146)132 (122~143)<0.001−0.105
TC, mmol/L4.75 ± 1.134.72 ± 1.104.81 ± 1.200.1490.034
TG, mmol/L1.86 ± 1.651.88 ± 1.761.79 ± 1.360.269−0.035
HDL-C, mmol/L1.11 ± 0.321.10 ± 0.321.13 ± 0.310.0560.052
LDL-C, mmol/L3.22 ± 1.03.21 ± 0.983.25 ± 1.030.5150.008
FPG, mmol/L8.32 ± 2.848.29 ± 2.738.39 ± 3.090.480−0.007
2 hPG, mmol/L14.06 ± 4.6714.05 ± 4.6414.09 ± 4.760.8270.005
HbA1c, %8.7 (7.2~10.5)8.5 (7.1~10.4)9.1 (7.5~10.7)0.0030.068
GA, %24 (19~30)24 (19~30)25 (20~31)<0.0010.09
C-peptide, ng/mL1.59 (1.0~2.28)1.70 (1.11~2.41)1.35 (0.85~2.04)<0.001−0.157
IMT, mm0.94 ± 0.710.92 ± 0.620.99 ± 0.870.0470.049
24 h-urinary albumin, mg10.92 (5.72~30.62)9.37 (5.32~23.15)18.66 (7.25~77.60)<0.0010.213
GFR, mL/min92.47 ± 25.2893.60 ± 25.1789.66 ± 25.370.003−0.069

Data are mean ± SD or mean (quartile).
* Univariate relation of DR with clinical parameters were determined using Spearman’s correlation coefficient.
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