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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 236217, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/236217
Review Article

Psychological Disturbances and Quality of Life in Obese and Infertile Women and Men

1Health Promotion and Obesity Management Unit, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
2Pathophysiology Unit, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
3Obstetric Propaedeutics Unit, Department of Woman's Health Care, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
4Psychology Unit, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
5Department of Endocrinological Gynecology, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
6Department of Women's Health, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland

Received 29 March 2012; Accepted 21 May 2012

Academic Editor: Renato Pasquali

Copyright © 2012 Piotr Kocełak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Anovulatory cycles and endometriosis are the main causes of female infertility. The most frequently anovulatory cycles are related to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) commonly associated with obesity and hormonal disturbances in the course of obesity. Recently published studies revealed that infertility affects about one in six couples during their lifetime and is more frequent in obese. Obesity is also associated with male infertility related to erectile dysfunction, hormonal disturbances and lower semen quality. Any of these above mentioned disorder is the important risk factor of psychological disturbances and poor quality of life among women and men in the reproductive age. On the other hand the mood disorders may exacerbate the hormonal disturbances and worsen the effectiveness of infertility management. Infertility, its therapy with accompanying psychological disturbances may also significantly affect the partners relationships. The review summarize the results described in the current literature on the association between obesity and infertility and psychological disturbances as well as their impact on quality of life and sexual functioning in women and men. Moreover, the impact of infertility and psychological disturbances on partners relationships is discussed.