About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 167138, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/167138
Review Article

Osteoporosis Associated with Antipsychotic Treatment in Schizophrenia

1Institute of Mental Health, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China
2Department of Nursing, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China

Received 19 December 2012; Revised 20 February 2013; Accepted 18 March 2013

Academic Editor: Guang-Da Xiang

Copyright © 2013 Haishan Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Schizophrenia is one of the most common global mental diseases, with prevalence of 1%. Patients with schizophrenia are predisposed to diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis, than the normal. In comparison with the metabolic syndrome, for instance, there are little reports about osteoporosis which occurs secondary to antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinaemia. There are extensive recent works of literature indicating that osteoporosis is associated with schizophrenia particularly in patients under psychotropic medication therapy. As osteoporotic fractures cause significantly increased morbidity and mortality, it is quite necessary to raise the awareness and understanding of the impact of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinaemia on physical health in schizophrenia. In this paper, we will review the relationship between schizophrenia, antipsychotic medication, hyperprolactinaemia, and osteoporosis.