Table 1: Body composition and biochemical parameters of subjects studied1.

FM

7429
Age (y)41.6 ± 10.243.8 ± 8.1
DXA
 Fat tissue (kg)35.0 ± 6.231 ± 7.2*
 Android fat (%) 51.5 ± 5.245.1 ± 5.2*
 Gynoid fat (%)51.5 ± 5.034.6 ± 6.1*
 Android/gynoid ratio1.0 ± 0.11.3 ± 0.1*
 Lean tissue (kg)40.5 ± 5.459.3 ± 5.3*
Anthropometry
 BMI (kg/m2)29.9 ± 3.231.0 ± 3.2
 Waist (cm)95.6 ± 9.3104.6 ± 7.2*
 Hips (cm)109.1 ± 7.1106.0 ± 6.3
 WHR0.88 ± 0.070.98 ± 0.03*
 TSF (mm)28.8 ± 7.117.4 ± 5*
 BSF (mm)19.2 ± 8.19.7 ± 5.2*
 SISF (mm)31.0 ± 9.227.8 ± 10.1
 SSSF (mm)31.9 ± 8.230.8 ± 9.4
 AFA (cm2) 5.2 ± 1.04.9 ± 1.1
 AC (cm)33.2 ± 3.134.2 ± 2.3
 CC (cm)38.6 ± 2.239.7 ± 2.2*
 AMA (cm2)40.6 ± 11.256.2 ± 10.2*
 MAC (cm)24.2 ± 2.328.7 ± 2.2*
Bioimpedance analysis
( )554.7 ± 58.1454.6 ± 50.1*
( )57.1 ± 7.154.4 ± 7.3
 pA (°)5.9 ± 0.76.8 ± 0.9*
 TBW (L)35.5 ± 349.2 ± 4.2*
 ECW (L)16.4 ± 1.120.8 ± 2.2*
 ICW (L)19.1 ± 2.228.4 ± 3.3*
 FM-BIA (kg)30.5 ± 6.226.6 ± 6.3*
 FMI11.6 ± 2.18.8 ± 2.4*
 FFM-BIA (kg)48.3 ± 4.267.3 ± 5.3*
 BCM (kg)24.5 ± 4.234.4 ± 7.1*
Laboratory parameters
 CT (mg/dL)200.3 ± 38.2212.3 ± 35.1*
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)56.4 ± 12.143 ± 8.1
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)125.0 ± 30.1137.3 ± 33.1
 CT/HDL ratio3.6 ±0.715.1 ± 1.3*
 TG (mg/dL)94.4 ± 42.2160.0 ± 103.3*
 Free fatty acids (mM/L)0.42 ± 0.20.39 ± 0.1
 Glycerol (mM/L)0.14 ± 0.040.14 ± 0.04
 Glycaemia (mg/dL)88.6 ± 9.293.5 ± 9.0*
 Insulin (IU/mL)9.4 ± 4.211.7 ± 5.3*
 HOMA2.1 ± 1.22.7 ± 1.0*
 QUICKI0.35 ± 0.020.34 ± 0.02*
 CRP (mg/L)0.4 ± 0.60.3 ± 0.4
 Adiponectin (ng/mL)93.9 ± 52.157.4 ± 28.2*
 Leptin (pg/mL)272.7 ± 163.380.3 ± 51.3*
 Leptin/adiponectin ratio3.8 ± 3.42.3 ± 3.2*
 Ghrelin (pg/mL)442.4 ± 260.4240.3 ± 131.3*

Values are means ± SD.
* .
Legend: BMI: body mass index; WHR: waist hip ratio; BSF: biceps skinfold thickness; TSF: triceps skinfold thickness; SISF: suprailiac skinfold thickness; SSSF: subscapular skinfold thickness; AC: arm circumference; CC: calf circumference; AMA: arm muscle area; AFA: arm fat area; MAC: muscle arm circumference; : resistance; : reactance; pA: phase angle; TBW: total body water; ECW: extracellular water; ICW: intracellular water; FM-BIA: fat mass estimate through bioimpedance analysis; FMI: fat mass index; FFM-BIA: fat free mass estimate through bioimpedance analysis; BCM: body cell mass; CT: cholesterol total; TG: triglycerides; HOMA: homeostasis model assessment; QUICKI: quantitative insulin sensitivity check index; CRP: C-reactive protein.