- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 317487, 7 pages
Comprehensive Literature Review: Recent Advances in Diagnosing and Managing Patients with Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
1Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
2The University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
3Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 245131, Tucson, AZ 85724-5131, USA
Received 10 November 2012; Revised 8 January 2013; Accepted 10 January 2013
Academic Editor: Eleonore Fröhlich
Copyright © 2013 Jack Hannallah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- S. L. Robbins, V. Kumar, A. K. Abbas, R. S. Cotran, and N. Fausto, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2010.
- E. M. Sanders Jr., V. A. LiVolsi, J. Brierley, J. Shin, and G. W. Randolph, “An evidence-based review of poorly differentiated thyroid cancer,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 934–945, 2007.
- M. Volante, P. Collini, Y. E. Nikiforov et al., “Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma: the Turin proposal for the use of uniform diagnostic criteria and an algorithmic diagnostic approach,” American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1256–1264, 2007.
- M. Volante, S. Landolfi, L. Chiusa et al., “Poorly differentiated carcinomas of the thyroid with trabecular, insular, and solid patterns: a clinicopathologic study of 183 patients,” Cancer, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 950–957, 2004.
- A. Sakamoto, N. Kasai, and H. Sugano, “Poorly differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid. A clinicopathologic entity for a high-risk group of papillary and follicular carcinomas,” Cancer, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1849–1855, 1983.
- M. L. Carcangiu, G. Zampi, and J. Rosai, “Poorly differentiated (“insular”) thyroid carcinoma. A reinterpretation of Langhans' ‘Wuchernde Struma‘,” American Journal of Surgical Pathology, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 655–668, 1984.
- D. Hiltzik, D. L. Carlson, R. M. Tuttle et al., “Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas defined on the basis of mitosis and necrosis: a clinicopathologic study of 58 patients,” Cancer, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1286–1295, 2006.
- M. Bongiovanni, P. M. Sadow, and W. C. Faquin, “Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma: a cytologic-histologic review,” Advances in Anatomic Pathology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 283–289, 2009.
- M. Bongiovanni and W. C. Faquin, “Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma,” in The Bethesda System For Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology, pp. 129–138, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2010.
- G. Garcia-Rostan and M. Sobrinho-Simões, “Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma: an evolving entity,” Diagnostic Histopathology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 114–123, 2011.
- M. L. Carcangiu, G. Zampi, and A. Pupi, “Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. A clinicopathologic study of 241 cases treated at the University of Florence, Italy,” Cancer, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 805–828, 1985.
- P. Soares, J. Lima, A. Preto, P. Castro, J. Vinagre, and R. Celestino, “Genetic alterations in poorly differentiated and undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas,” Current Genomics, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 609–617, 2011.
- M. Bongiovanni, L. Bloom, J. F. Krane et al., “Cytomorphologic features of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma: a multi-institutional analysis of 40 cases,” Cancer Cytopathology, vol. 117, no. 3, pp. 185–194, 2009.
- K. N. Patel and A. R. Shaha, “Poorly differentiated and anaplastic thyroid cancer,” Cancer Control, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 119–128, 2006.
- M. Pulcrano, H. Boukheris, M. Talbot et al., “Poorly differentiated follicular thyroid carcinoma: prognostic factors and relevance of histological classification,” Thyroid, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 639–646, 2007.
- Y. Nikiforov, P. W. Biddinger, and L. D. Thompson, Diagnostic Pathology and Molecular Genetics of the Thyroid, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2009.
- A. S. Rocha, P. Soares, E. Fonseca, J. Cameselle-Teijeiro, M. C. Oliveira, and M. Sobrinho-Simões, “E-cadherin loss rather than β-catenin alterations is a common feature of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas,” Histopathology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 580–587, 2003.
- Y. E. Nikiforov, “Thyroid carcinoma: molecular pathways and therapeutic targets,” Modern Pathology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. S37–S43, 2008.
- A. Walczyk, A. Kowalska, and J. Sygut, “The clinical course of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (insular carcinoma)—own observations,” Endokrynologia Polska, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 467–473, 2010.
- J. L. Hunt and V. A. LiVolsi, “Poorly differentiated and undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas,” in Molecular Pathology of Endocrine Diseases, vol. 3, pp. 95–101, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2010.
- S. Asioli, L. A. Erickson, A. Righi et al., “Poorly differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid: validation of the Turin proposal and analysis of IMP3 expression,” Modern Pathology, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1269–1278, 2010.
- M. N. Nikiforova and Y. E Nikiforov, “Molecular genetics of thyroid cancer: implications for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis,” Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 83–95, 2008.
- M. Sobrinho-Simões, V. Máximo, A. S. Rocha et al., “Intragenic mutations in thyroid cancer,” Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 333–362, 2008.
- Y. E. Nikiforov, “Genetic alterations involved in the transition from well-differentiated to poorly differentiated and anaplastic thyroid carcinomas,” Endocrine Pathology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 319–327, 2004.
- T. C. Chao, J. D. Lin, and M. F. Chen, “Insular carcinoma: infrequent subtype of thyroid cancer with aggressive clinical course,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 393–396, 2004.
- T. S. Jung, T. Y. Kim, K. W. Kim et al., “Clinical features and prognostic factors for survival in patients with poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma and comparison to the patients with the aggressive variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma,” Endocrine Journal, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 265–274, 2007.
- G. W. Randolph and D. Kamani, “The importance of preoperative laryngoscopy in patients undergoing thyroidectomy: voice, vocal cord function, and the preoperative detection of invasive thyroid malignancy,” Surgery, vol. 139, no. 3, pp. 357–362, 2006.
- The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), TNM Classification to Define Thyroid Cancer.
- E. Grande, J. J. Díez, C. Zafon, and J. Capdevila, “Thyroid cancer: molecular aspects and new therapeutic strategies,” Journal of Thyroid Research, vol. 2012, Article ID 847108, 10 pages, 2012.
- W. Wang, S. M. Larson, M. Fazzari et al., “Prognostic value of [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomographic scanning in patients with thyroid cancer,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 1107–1113, 2000.
- Y. Ito, M. Hirokawa, T. Higashiyama et al., “Prognosis and prognostic factors of follicular carcinoma in Japan: importance of postoperative pathological examination,” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1417–1424, 2007.