Table 8: Comparison of values of the lumbar spine and hip values in the different age groups between normal foot group and foot-binding group.

GroupingLumbar value Hip value
Foot-binding groupNormal foot groupFoot-binding groupNormal foot group

Group below 70−2.94 ± 0.57−2.96 ± 1.160.0290.977−1.73 ± 0.69−1.40 ± 1.21−0.6690.511
Group of 71–75−3.29 ± 1.07−3.21 ± 1.00−0.2910.773−1.85 ± 0.93−1.84 ± 0.84−0.0200.984
Group of 76–80−3.35 ± 1.01−2.69 ± 0.84−1.5400.137−1.93 ± 0.65−1.44 ± 0.68−1.6720.108
Group above 81−3.15 ± 0.61−2.75 ± 0.21−0.8520.442−1.98 ± 0.69−1.55 ± 0.78−0.6920.527