Table 2: Prevalence of hepatic steatosis, hepatic steatosis with elevated ALT, metabolic syndrome, and its components according to serum TSH among 402 overweight/obese children.

Serum TSH value
≤4 mIU/L ( )>4 mIU/L ( )

Hepatic steatosis101 (32.2)43 (48.9)<0.01
Hepatic steatosis with elevated ALT73 (23.2)31 (35.2)<0.01
Central obesity 148 (47.1)41 (46.6)0.58
Elevated blood pressure23 (7.3)6 (6.8)0.78
Hypertriglyceridemia69 (22.0)35 (39.8)<0.01
Low HDL-C57 (18.2)17 (19.3)0.20
Elevated total cholesterol 94 (29.9)39 (44.3)<0.01
Glucose 5.6 mmol/L8 (2.5)2 (2.3)0.35
Insulin resistance89 (28.3)39 (44.3)<0.01
Metabolic syndrome32 (10.2)17 (19.3)<0.05

Data are presented as (%).
TSH: thyroid-stimulating hormone; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; ALT: alanine aminotransferase.